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Table 5 Mean age at smoking initiation by income, education, and age, weighted.

From: Determinants of smoking initiation among women in five European countries: a cross-sectional survey

  All
(n = 2364)
France
(n = 461)
Ireland
(n = 515)
Italy
(n = 472)
Czech Republic
(n = 427)
Sweden
(n = 489)
Mean age at initiation n mean n mean n mean n mean n mean n mean
by current income             
   Well below the median 241 19.3 49 18.5 41 20.3 88 18.7 28 20.9 35 19.1
   Below the median 591 18.3 114 17.8 144 17.9 143 18.3 92 21.1 98 17.0
   Around the median 647 18.1 111 18.4 144 17.6 113 18.3 175 18.9 104 17.0
   Above the median 400 17.7 79 18.4 107 17.4 41 18.6 71 18.7 102 16.6
   Well above the median 79 17.9 14 20.0 11 19.6 4 22.8 4 17.3 46 16.6
   Refused to answer 406 18.1 94 17.3 68 17.8 83 19.3 57 20.2 104 17.0
(ANOVA p-value) (p = 0.0025) (p = 0.0945) (p = 0.0101) (p = 0.4711) (p = 0.0077) (p = 0.0566)
by age at last education             
   <16 288 18.8 21 20.9 89 17.9 104 19.7 19 21.2 55 17.3
   16-19 1052 18.0 165 18.2 278 18.0 175 18.1 228 19.7 206 16.3
   20-25 713 18.2 214 18.0 112 17.8 140 18.3 138 19.1 109 17.7
   >25 229 18.3 19 17.6 30 18.3 50 18.8 35 20.3 95 17.6
   Missing 82 17.3 42 17.2 6 14.3 3 19.4 7 18.9 24 17.5
(ANOVA p-value) (p = 0.0913) (p = 0.0162) (p = 0.9321) (p = 0.0807) (p = 0.3701) (p = 0.0071)
by current age*             
   18-24 184   30   50   30   37   37  
   25-34 419 16.4 76 16.9 110 16.4 92 16.3 80 17.2 61 15.2
   35-44 380 17.0 61 17.2 102 17.2 74 17.1 52 17.8 91 16.2
   45-54 391 17.0 74 16.8 78 17.0 87 17.3 60 17.9 92 16.2
   55+ 743 17.6 179 17.7 129 17.6 136 17.9 122 18.5 177 16.9
(ANOVA p-value) (p < 0.0001) (p = 0.0002) (p < 0.0001) (p < 0.0001) (p < 0.0001) (p < 0.0001)
  1. *excluding those who initiated after the age of 24 (n = 245)