Skip to main content

Table 1 Primary and secondary outcome measures

From: Effects of a free school breakfast programme on school attendance, achievement, psychosocial function, and nutrition: a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial

Outcome Instrument/Method Collected from
Attendance Recorded school attendance Schools
Academic achievement Literacy and numeracy Schools
Self-reported grades Study questionnaire [24] Students
Sense of belonging PISA 2000 Sense of Engagement Scale [25] Students (Year 4 and above)
Psychosocial function Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire [26, 27] Teachers
Hunger "Freddy" [28] Students
Dietary habits Dietary Habits Questionnaire (breakfast only) [29, 2] Parents
Food security CCHIP scale [30, 31] Parents