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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included in EPOCH Collaboration

From: The Early Prevention of Obesity in CHildren (EPOCH) Collaboration - an Individual Patient Data Prospective Meta-Analysis

Trial name Healthy Beginnings36(RCT) Nourish37(RCT) The Melbourne InFANT Program38(cluster RCT) POI NZ39(2×2 Factorial RCT)
Registration number ACTRN12607000168459 ACTRN12608000056392 ISRCTN81847050 NCT00892983
Funding source NHMRC NHMRC NHMRC HRC New Zealand
Number randomised N = 667 first time mothers N = 698 first time mothers N = 559 first time mothers N = 400 first time mothers
Baseline data Antenatal Infant aged 4-6 months Infant aged 3 months Antenatal
Primary outcome Child weight and height at 24 months Child weight and height at 24 months Child weight and height at 18 months Child weight and height at 24 months
Usual care Wk1 child health nurse home visit Self access to child health clinics Self directed access to child health clinics Access to 10 scheduled child health clinic visits First 4 wks midwife home visits; Well Child (Plunkett) nurse: 8 visits in 5 yrs
Intervention mode Home visits; 8 visits over 2 years (antenatal, 1, 3, 5, 9, 12, 18, 24 months); maternal advice Two education peer support modules (6 fortnightly sessions each) commencing when infant 4-7 months and again at 13-16 months at community health venues Six 2 hour sessions delivered at 3 monthly intervals within pre-existing mothers groups, commencing at 3 months (3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 months) 3 groups: sleep (home visits at 3 wks, 4 months); healthy eating and activity (mix of 7 home visits and group based sessions at 1 wk + 3, 4, 7, 9, 12, 18 months) or both
Intervention content (in addition to usual care) Sustaining breastfeeding; Timely solid food introduction; Responsive to child cues of hunger & satiety; Healthy child food intake; Reduced TV viewing; Promote active play; The "how" of child feeding (e.g. managing food fussiness) Neutral repeated exposure to a variety of foods; Responsive to child cues of hunger & satiety; Healthy child food intake; Reduced TV viewing; Promote authoritative parenting style; The "how" of child feeding (e.g. managing food fussiness) Responsive to child cues of hunger & satiety; Healthy child food intake; Reduced TV viewing; Promote active play; The "how" of child feeding (e.g. managing food fussiness) Sustaining breastfeeding; Timely solid food introduction; Responsive to child cues of hunger & satiety; Healthy child food intake; Reduced TV viewing; Promote active play; The "how" of child feeding (e.g. managing food fussiness); Developing good sleep habits
Control group Usual care plus written home safety/tobacco prevention information at f/up sessions plus three mail outs Usual care plus quarterly newsletter on general child health messages excluding sleep, food and activity Usual care plus quarterly newsletter on general child health messages excluding sleep, food and activity Usual care