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Table 3 Mother's knowledge of breastfeeding, classified by socio-demographics characteristics‡ (n = 322)

From: An exploration of the knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding among a sample of Chinese mothers in Ireland

  K1.Infant formula should be fed to all newborn infants until their mothers' milk comes in. K3.Mother should not breastfeed if she catches a cold. Maternal awareness of the advantages of breastfeeding for the babies.
  Disagree Agree Don't know P Disagree Agree Don't know P Mean score§
  (%) (%) (%)   (%) (%) (%)   
Total 40.7 49.5 9.8   26.0 59.2 14.7   4.03 ± 0.73
Current age          
   20-29 34.9 54.7 10.4 0.013 20.8 70.8 8.5 0.005 3.90b
   30-39 45.4 49.3 5.3   32.0 53.6 14.4   4.14a
   > 40 38.9 40.7 20.4   20.4 53.7 25.9   4.03ab
Education level          
   Primary/Secondary level 36.8 50.7 12.5 0.187 19.6 64.1 16.3 0.043 3.93b
   Third level 44.2 48.5 7.3   31.9 54.8 13.3   4.14a
Current occupation          
   Self-employed/Professional work 49.4 45.5 5.2 0.228 36.7 51.9 11.4 0.015 4.25a
   Non-professional work 38.7 51.9 9.4   21.7 67.9 10.4   3.98b
   Housewife 36.4 50.4 13.2   22.5 56.6 20.9   3.98b
Husband/partner occupation          
   Self-employed/Professional work 51.9 39.6 8.5 0.013 36.4 50.5 13.1 0.011 4.20a
   Non-professional work/Unemployed 34.7 55.4 9.9   20.7 64.0 15.3   3.97b
Mother's birth place          
   Mainland China (north) 40.1 53.7 6.2 0.005 30.1 57.7 12.3 0.013 4.08ns
   Mainland China (south) 40.2 50.5 9.3   22.2 65.7 12.0   4.04
   Hong Kong 43.5 32.6 23.9   19.6 50.0 30.4   3.90
Duration in Ireland (years)          
   < = 5 51.5 41.4 7.1 0.001 33.3 58.6 8.1 0.001 4.11ns
   > 5-10 34.9 57.1 8.0   23.7 62.7 13.6   4.02
   > 10 39.5 37.2 23.3   18.6 46.5 34.9   3.93
Has mother herself been breastfed when she was a baby?          
   Yes 41.2 51.1 7.7 0.009 27.0 58.4 14.6 0.609 4.06ns
   No/Don't know 37.8 40.0 22.2   20.0 64.4 15.6   3.91
  1. Group comparisons for categories variables (variables in K1 and K2) were performed by Pearson Chi-square analysis. Group comparisons for continuous variables (mean score) were performed by One-way ANOVA analysis; ab different subscripts denote significances difference within groups using Scheffe post hoc multiple comparisons test (P < 0.05). ns: no significant difference (P > 0.05).
  2. Disagree = Strongly disagree/Tend to disagree; Agree = Strongly agree/Tend to agree.
  3. §Mean score was calculated from responses basing on a 5-point Likert scale. Strongly Disagree = 1; Tend to disagree = 2; Neither = 3; Tend to Agree = 4; Strongly Agree = 5