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Table 3 Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for diabetes and combined diabetes and IFG according to alcohol consumption categories

From: Associations of alcohol consumption with diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glycemia among middle-aged and elderly Chinese

   Men Women
   Abstainers 0.1-19.9 g/d 20.0-39.9 g/d ≥40.0 g/d Abstainers ≥0.1 g/d
Diabetes cases/non-cases, n 95/593 74/312 13/129 32/187 206/1429 12/165
  Model 1 1.0 (reference) 1.53 (1.09,2.14) 0.65 (0.35,1.20) 1.11 (0.72,1.71) 1.0 (reference) 0.51 (0.28,0.94)
  Model 2 1.0 (reference) 1.25 (0.87,1.79) 0.72 (0.38,1.37) 1.57 (0.97,2.54) 1.0 (reference) 0.39 (0.21,0.73)
  Model 3 1.0 (reference) 1.26 (0.88,1.81) 0.74 (0.39,1.40) 1.61 (0.99,2.60) 1.0 (reference) 0.39 (0.21,0.73)
  Model 4 1.0 (reference) 1.30 (0.90,1.89) 0.69(0.36,1.32) 1.56 (0.96,2.53) 1.0 (reference) 0.42 (0.22,0.78)
  Model 5 1.0 (reference) 1.27 (0.87,1.86) 0.70 (0.37,1.35) 1.59 (0.96,2.61) 1.0 (reference) 0.41 (0.22,0.78)
Combined diabetes and IFG cases/non-cases, n 270/418 211/175 52/90 107/112 596/1039 75/102
  Model 1 1.0 (reference) 1.86 (1.44,2.39) 0.89 (0.61,1.29) 1.47 (1.08,2.00) 1.0 (reference) 1.31 (0.96,1.80)
  Model 2 1.0 (reference) 1.40 (1.07,1.85) 0.81 (0.54,1.20) 1.58 (1.12,2.22) 1.0 (reference) 0.97 (0.69,1.36)
  Model 3 1.0 (reference) 1.42 (1.07,1.87) 0.82 (0.55,1.23) 1.64 (1.16,2.33) 1.0 (reference) 0.98 (0.70,1.38)
  Model 4 1.0 (reference) 1.38 (1.03,1.84) 0.77 (0.51,1.16) 1.47 (1.03,2.10) 1.0 (reference) 1.03 (0.72,1.47)
  Model 5 1.0 (reference) 1.36 (1.02,1.82) 0.80 (0.53,1.22) 1.50 (1.04,2.15) 1.0 (reference) 1.03 (0.72,1.47)
  1. Model 1: Adjusted for age
  2. Model 2: Adjusted for age, geographic location (north/south), residential region (urban/rural), educational level, smoking, physical activity, family income, family history of CVD or diabetes, and diet (total energy intake without alcohol, energy adjusted dietary fiber and fat intake).
  3. Model 3: Adjusted variables in model 2 plus BMI
  4. Model 4: Adjusted variables in model 3 plus inflammatory markers (log-transformed CRP, IL-6 and ferritin)
  5. Model 5: Adjusted variables in model 4 plus adipokines (RBP4, log-transformed adiponectin and PAI-1)