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Table 2 CVD prevalence and incidence risk percent by region

From: Geographical variation in cardiovascular incidence: results from the British Women's Heart and Health Study

  South England Midlands/
Wales
North England Scotland
Number of baseline responders 1319 770 1650 547
Prevalent CVD at baseline (% of baseline responders) 213 (16.1%) 177 (23.0%) 320 (19.4%) 135 (24.7%)
Incident CVD - non-fatal
If prevalent disease at baseline
(% those with prevalent disease)*
5 (2.4%) 7 (4.0%) 16 (5.0%) 4 (3.0%)
If no prevalent disease at baseline
(% those without prevalent disease)
102 (9.2%) 47 (7.9%) 114 (8.6%) 38 (9.2%)
Total non-fatal events 107 (8.1%) 54 (7.0%) 130 (7.9%) 42 (7.7%)
Incident CVD - fatal     
If prevalent disease at baseline
(% those with prevalent disease)
14 (6.6%) 16 (9.0%) 40 (12.5%) 10 (7.4%)
If no prevalent disease at baseline
(% those without prevalent disease)
32 (2.9%) 21 (3.5%) 40 (3.0%) 17 (4.1%)
Total fatal events 46 (3.5%) 37 (4.8%) 80 (4.8%) 27 (4.9%)
Incident CVD - fatal/non-fatal combined**
If prevalent disease at baseline
(% those with prevalent disease)
19 (8.9%) 21 (11.9%) 55 (17.1%) 14 (10.4%)
If no prevalent disease at baseline
(% those without prevalent disease)
129 (11.7%) 62 (10.5%) 148 (11.1%) 54 (13.1%)
Total incident events 148 (11.2%) 83 (10.8%) 203 (12.3%) 68 (12.4%)
  1. * Only applies to MI and stroke events (angina and unstable angina cannot be both prevalent and incident).
  2. ** Fatal and non-fatal events may sum to greater than the combined events since some individuals have both fatal and non-fatal CVD events (but the combined numbers only include the first of these, i.e. only include the non-fatal event)