Skip to main content

Table 3 Determinants of changes in drinking 1996-8 amongst 1996 male respondents (a) Samogon in 1998 amongst 1996 drinkers (non-samogon consumers) (b) Non-heavy frequent spirit (vodka/samogon) drinking in 1998 amongst frequent heavy spirit drinkers (1996) (RLMS)

From: Drinking in transition: trends in alcohol consumption in Russia 1994-2004

  Drinking samogon in 1998 n = 213[baseline: 1996 drinkers (non-samogon consumers) n = 3,419] Odds ratio (95% CI) Non frequent heavy spirit drinking in 1998 n = 98[baseline: 1996 frequent heavy spirit drinkers (≥80 g & > wkly) n = 593] - Odds ratio (95% CI)
  Model 1
(age adjusted)
Model 2 (age, urban/rural, marital) Model 3 ( = Model 2 + education, asset) Model 1
(age adjusted)
Model 2 (age, urban/rural, marital) Model 3 ( = Model 2 + education, asset)
Age       
18-39 1 1 1 1 1 1
40-59 1.29 (0.91-1.83) 1.39 (0.95-2.02) 1.35 (0.93-1.97) 0.37 (0.22-0.60) 0.36 (0.22-0.61) 0.32 (0.19-0.55)
60 and over 2.27 (1.49-3.44) 2.49 (1.58-3.93) 2.18 (1.38-3.45) 0.49 (0.23-1.02) 0.51 (0.23-1.10) 0.43 (0.18-1.00)
Education       
Higher 1 1 1 1 1 1
Complete secondary 1.88 (1.26-2.79) 1.62 (1.07-2.46) 1.41 (0.92-2.14) 0.86 (0.50-1.48) 0.90 (0.52-1.56) 0.88 (0.50-1.54)
Incomplete secondary 1.36 (0.88-2.09) 1.05 (0.66-1.65) 0.87 (0.55-1.39) 1.28 (0.71-2.32) 1.65 (0.86-3.17) 1.60 (0.82-3.12)
Area       
Urban 1 1 1 1 1 1
Rural 1.88 (1.35-2.61) 1.88 (1.35-2.62) 1.46 (1.03-2.08) 0.72 (0.42-1.23) 0.68 (0.40-1.17) 0.55 (0.30-1.00)
Moscow St P 0.25 (0.08-0.81) 0.26 (0.08-0.83) 0.26 (0.08-0.85) 0.64 (0.31-1.29) 0.64 (0.32-1.31) 0.66 (0.32-1.36)
Marital status       
Married 1 1 1 1 1 1
Single 1.59 (0.95-2.67) 1.54 (0.91-2.61) 1.54 (0.91-2.61) 1.55 (0.53-4.56) 1.65 (0.56-4.90) 1.57 (0.53-4.67)
Divorced 1.88 (1.09-3.24) 1.64 (0.93-2.91) 1.64 (0.93-2.91) 0.92 (0.47-1.80) 1.39 (0.64-2.99) 1.32 (0.61-2.89)
Widowed 0.63 (0.22-1.84) 0.68 (0.23-2.01) 0.68 (0.23-2.01) 0.92 (0.24-3.54) 0.74 (0.19-2.91) 0.66 (0.16-2.65)
Optimism over financial situation (1-5 high-low) 1.30 (1.11-1.52) 1.26 (1.07-1.49) 1.23 (1.05-1.46) 0.97 (0.78-1.21) 0.98 (0.78-1.23) 0.97 (0.77-1.22)
Asset score (0-5 low-high) 0.73 (0.65-0.82) 0.76 (0.66-0.87) 0.76 (0.66-0.87) 1.00 (0.86-1.16) 0.96 (0.80-1.15) 0.96 (0.80-1.15)
Decline in asset score 1996-98 (yes vs no) 0.64 (0.31-1.30) 0.89 (0.59-1.36) 1.06 (0.69-1.64) 1.27 (0.70-2.31) 1.21 (0.66-2.21) 1.28 (0.68-2.41)
Employment status 1996-98       
Working 96 & 98 1 1 1 1 1 1
Working 96; not working 98 0.27 (0.17-0.45) 0.26 (0.16-0.44) 0.24 (0.14-0.39) 5.13 (2.55-10.32) 5.56 (2.67-11.56) 5.52 (2.64-11.51)
Not working 96;working 98 1.23 (0.64-2.35) 1.20 (0.61-2.34) 1.08 (0.55-2.12) 0.66 (0.25-1.74) 0.61 (0.23-1.63) 0.60 (0.22-1.64)
Not working 96 or 98 0.87 (0.58-1.30) 0.74 (0.48-1.14) 0.61 (0.39-0.95) 1.72 (0.99-2.99) 1.65 (0.92-2.94) 1.61 (0.89-2.94)
Drinking pattern - amount per occasion (g) & frequency       
<80 g ≤ weekly 1 1 1 - - -
80-160 g ≤ weekly 1.65 (1.01-2.69) 1.51 (0.92-2.51) 1.41 (0.85-2.33) - - -
>160 g ≤ weekly 1.64 (0.97-2.79) 1.47 (0.85-2.53) 1.32 (0.76-2.28) - - -
<80 g >weekly 1.05 (0.42-2.64) 0.92 (0.34-2.51) 0.90 (0.33-2.47) - - -
80-160 g >weekly 0.82 (0.39-1.74) 0.89 (0.42-1.92) 0.85 (0.39-1.83) - - -
>160 g >weekly 2.60 (1.47-4.58) 2.26 (1.24-4.10) 2.04 (1.12-3.73) - - -