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Table 3 Associations between health-related factors and not favorable behavior trend in PAL among older individuals in São Paulo, Brazil

From: Health-related factors correlate with behavior trends in physical activity level in old age: longitudinal results from a population in São Paulo, Brazil

Variable Crude OR
(95% CI)
p Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
p
Gender     
Male 1.00   1.00  
Female 2.30 (1.58-3.35) 0.000 2.50 (1.60-3.90) 0.000
Age group     
80+ 1.00   1.00  
70-79 2.27 (1.51-3.43)   2.03 (1.29-3.18) 0.002
65-69 6.99 (3.24-15.08) 0.000 6.29 (2.70-14.68) 0.000
ADL dependence score     
0 (independent) 1.00   1.00  
1-3 (mild) 1.32 (0.88-1.98) 0.185 0.98 (0.60-1.59) 0.929
4-7+ (moderate/severe) 4.00 (2.27-7.01) 0.001 2.25 (1.20-4.21) 0.011
Falls (last year)     
No + Yes with no impact 1.00   1.00  
Yes with impact 3.24 (0.99-10.54) 0.051 6.89 (0.91-52.00) 0.062
Education     
No formal 1.00    
Primary/Secondary 1.56 (1.03-2.35) 0.001   
College/University 2.71 (1.54-4.77) 0.033   
MMSE     
24 + (24/25) (18-19) 1.00    
<24 2.07 (1.28-3.36) 0.003   
Dysthymia Screening     
Positive - 5+ 1.00    
Negative - <4 1.53 (0.98-2.40) 0.062   
Fractures     
No 1.00    
Yes 4.37 (1.05-18.23) 0.043   
  1. ADL = activities of daily living; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination
  2. OR = odds ratio adjusted for gender, age and education; CI = confidence interval