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Table 2 The mean risk perception ratings by group and role for each health risk (standard error of the mean in the parentheses)

From: Perceptions of personal health risks by medical and non-medical workers in a university medical center: a survey study

Risk
perception
Physicians
(n= 369)
Nurses
(n= 608)
Paramedics
(n= 555)
Total medical workers
(n= 1532)
Total non- medical workers
(n= 963)
For cold 4.23
( .05)
3.77a***
( .05)
3.86a*
( .05)
3.91
( .03)
3.79
( .04)
For annual influenza 2.45
( .05)
2.43
( .04)
2.39
( .04)
2.42
( .02)
2.51
( .03)
For pandemic influenza 1.49
( .04)
1.73
( .03)
1.63
( .03)
1.64
( .02)
1.66
( .03)
For cancer 1.41
( .04)
1.83b**
( .03)
1.79
( .04)
1.72
( .02)
1.89c*
( .03)
For heart attack 1.34
( .03)
1.69b**
( .03)
1.68b**
( .03)
1.60
( .02)
1.78
( .03)
For food poisoning 2.12
( .05)
2.16
( .04)
2.14
( .04)
2.14
( .02)
2.14
( .03)
  1. aSignificantly lower than physicians' ratings. bSignificantly higher than physicians' ratings. cSignificantly higher than medical workers' ratings. ***p < .001. **p < .01. *p < .05.