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Table 1 Summary of methods used in different studies in the Korail slum under formative research for MANOSHI

From: Using formative research to develop MNCH programme in urban slums in Bangladesh: experiences from MANOSHI, BRAC

Methods Major focus Sample/respondents Data collected Analysis/output
Transect walk (along different routes) and informal discussion To explore slum characteristics Slum dwellers met during transect walks Physical, socioeconomic and other characteristics; knowledgeable people in the community Describe slum characteristics; key informants identified
Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) (1) To identify location of the MNCHcare providers and facilities Key informants; slum dwellers from different corners of the slum Location of the healthcare providers/health facilities Health resource map
Listing and mapping exercises using health resource map (67) To identify all MNCH health care providers Key informants; snow-ball sampling to identify more key informants Data on currently practicing healthcare providers A list of all healthcare providers including those working in the facilities
In-depth interviews (17) and FGDs (5) of health care providers from list To elicit data on available MNCH services in the slum Purposive sample of different types of healthcare providers Services offered, patient flow, criteria for and process of referrals etc. An inventory of MNCH services available in the slum
Listing exercises (17) and social network analysis (3) To identify influential persons in the slum for health-related needs/existing social networks Key-informants/purposive sample of slum dwellers People with political and other affiliations/social networks for health, education, economic etc. Key influential people identified/network analysis with UCINET software
Free listing (60) and pile-sorting (20); [+in-depth interviews (14)] To elicit perceptions of slum community about pregnancy and delivery Purposively selected sample of women and men Perception of normal pregnancy and delivery, fears associated with delivery, etc. Similarities and dissimilarities between women and men's perceptions and priorities
In-depth interviews with women (16) To elicit existing MNCH practices pregnant women and lactating women selected purposively Practices and rituals during pregnancy, delivery and post-partum Inventory of existing MNCH practices
Observation How 'birthing huts' are embedded in the slum community 'Birthing huts' in four different slums including Korail Physical facilities; awareness, perceptions and acceptability of 'birthing hut' services; Content analysis of observational data
  1. NB. A number of mini-surveys were conducted in a number of the above studies above e.g., audit of health facilities, socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents etc. which is not shown separately in the table