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Table 6 Prospective impact of psychosocial characteristics and previous back pain at baseline on self assessed "poor" work ability.

From: Emotional support predicts more sickness absence and poorer self assessed work ability: a two-year prospective cohort study

Characteristic Age and sex adjusted
(Model I)
Adjusted for the final model
(Model III)
  n OR 95% CI n OR 95% CI
Occupation (SES)       
   Non-manual 185 1 [ref] . . . .
   Manual 112 2.56 1.35-4.87 . . .
   Self-employed 40 1.27 0.44-3.68 . . .
Smoking, current 332 1.46 0.73-2.90 . . .
BMI 340 1.11 1.04-1.20 . . .
Alcohol consumption       
   Lowa 264 1 [ref] . . . .
   Mediumb 36 0.91 0.33-2.55 . . .
   Highc 25 2.33 0.84-6.51 . . .
Disease (self rep.diagnosis) 341 1.09 0.61-1.96 . . .
Past sickness absence 340 2.37 1.28-4.40 . . .
I Work environment       
Job strain 324 14.85 2.54-86.69 298 11.71 1.69-81.01
   Psychological demands 327 1.07 0.95-1.21 299 1.07 0.93-1.22
   Decision latitude 338 0.84 0.75-0.94 309 0.83 0.73-0.95
Social support at work 319 0.88 0.76-1.02 289 0.88 0.75-1.04
Overcommitment 330 1.00 0.94-1.07 300 1.05 0.97-1.14
II Emotional support 338 1.28 0.90-1.81 307 1.28 0.89-1.86
III Psychological resources       
1. Sense of coherence 338 0.96 0.93-0.99 308 0.97 0.93-1.00
2. Mastery 331 0.86 0.78-0.95 300 0.84 0.76-0.94
3. Self-esteem 329 0.90 0.85-0.96 299 0.91 0.85-0.98
4. Perceived control 312 0.95 0.91-0.99 285 0.97 0.92-1.01
Previous back pain 330 2.78 1.31-5.92 301 2.62 1.18-5.84
  1. The odds ratio in italics denotes significance (p < 0.05). (Result from Model II, see text). In model III odds ratios for confounders are not reported as separate regressions were run for each of the 10 psychosocial variables and previous back pain.
  2. n = number of observations used; OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval.
  3. aLow (< 80 g/week for women, < 110 g/week for men)
  4. bMedium (between 80-139 g/week for women, 110-169 g/week for men)
  5. cHigh (≥ 140 g/week for women, ≥ 170 g/week for men)
  6. Adjusted for age, sex; Adjusted for age, sex, BMI, smoking, alcohol consumption, SES, disease (self report of diagnosis), and past sickness absence.