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Table 6 Intervention ladder by Nuffield Council on Bioethics[11]

From: An overview of ethical frameworks in public health: can they be supportive in the evaluation of programs to prevent overweight?

• Eliminate choice
• Restrict choice
• Guide choice through disincentives
• Guide choice through incentives
• Guide choices through changing the default policy
• Enable choice
• Provide information
• Do nothing or simply monitor the current situation