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Table 4 Gender differences in short- and long-term mortality after a first hospital admission (1997 or 2000) for heart failure in the Netherlands

From: Age- and gender-specific risk of death after first hospitalization for heart failure

  Heart failure
  HR (95% CI)*
Crude  
28 days 0.99 (0.94-1.05)
1 year 1.04 (1.00-1.08)
5 years 1.03 (1.00-1.06)
Adjusted**  
28 days 1.21 (1.14-1.28)
1 year 1.26 (1.21-1.31)
5 years 1.28 (1.24-1.31)
  1. *Hazard ratio (95% Confidence interval) men vs women.
  2. **adjusted for age and prior co-morbidities (previous admissions for cardiovascular disease or diabetes mellitus)