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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with a hospital admission for heart failure in 1997 or 2000.

From: Age- and gender-specific risk of death after first hospitalization for heart failure

  Men Women Total
Number of patients 14,529 14,524 29,053
Age at admission (years)    
Mean 74 78 76
Standard deviation 11 11 11
Prior co-morbidities (%)    
cardiovascular disease 44.2 37.5 40.9
   - ischemic heart disease 21.0 15.0 18.0
   - acute myocardial infarction 9.8 7.5 8.6
   - stroke 3.2 3.3 3.2
   - peripheral arterial disease 7.9 4.6 6.2
   - other cardiovascular disease 24.7 22.5 23.6
diabetes mellitus 15.1 20.4 17.8
Type of hospital (%)    
- academic 13.0 9.9 11.5
Length of stay (days) 12 13 12
Origin (%)    
-native Dutch 90 89 89