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Table 5 Proportional Burden of Disease and costs attributable to all cardiovascular risk factors potentially modifiable

From: Estimation of the burden of cardiovascular disease attributable to modifiable risk factors and cost-effectiveness analysis of preventative interventions to reduce this burden in Argentina

  Population-attributable Fraction% (95%CI)
  Men Women Total
Total AMI events (both fatal and non-fatal) 81.8 (81.3-82.2) 84.1 (82.8-85.0) 82.4 (81.9-82.8)
Total non-infarction events (both fatal and non-fatal) 81.5 (80.9-82.0) 83.5 (81.9-84.7) 82.1 (81.5-82.6)
Total stroke events (both fatal and non-fatal) 66.6 (65.7-67.4) 57.6 (56.4-58.8) 62.4 (61.6-63.1)
Total events (both fatal and non-fatal) 76.8 (76.2-77.4) 70.7 (69.4-71.7) 74.6 (74.0-75.1)
Total costs* 77.5 (76.9-78.0) 72.0 (70.7-73.1) 75.5 (75.0-76.0)
Total DALY 76.0 (75.5-76.4) 65.8 (65.0-66.5) 70.7 (70.2-71.1)
Total PYLL 76.5 (75.9-76.9) 69.6 (68.6-70.5) 73.4 (72.9-73.9)
  1. Results of 1,000 iterations, both sexes.
  2. 95%CI: 95% confidence interval, AMI: acute myocardial infarction, DALY: disability-adjusted life years, PYLL: Potential Years of Life Lost.
  3. * Only direct medical costs by hospitalization were considered.
  4. † With discounting (3% annual rate), without age weight.
  5. ‡ With discounting (3% annual rate).