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Table 2 Effectiveness of selected interventions

From: Estimation of the burden of cardiovascular disease attributable to modifiable risk factors and cost-effectiveness analysis of preventative interventions to reduce this burden in Argentina

Intervention Efficacy References
Population based interventions
Mass Media Campaign promote tobacco cessation Reduction of current smoker prevalence: 7% [3842, 45]
Reducing salt in bread RR: 0.99 [28, 29]
Clinical interventions
Bupropion treatment for tobacco cessation Annual cessation rate: 28%. [49, 50]
Pharmacological high blood pressure treatment* For CHD: RR = 0.66
For stroke: RR = 0.51
[13]
Pharmacological high cholesterol treatment with atorvastatin For CHD: RR = 0.77
For stroke: RR = 0.81
[13, 55]
Treatment with four drugs (Polypill strategy) for people with an absolute cardiovascular risk of more than 20% at 10 years For CHD: RR = 0.34
For stroke: RR = 0.32
[12, 13, 5355]
  1. CHD: Coronary Heart Disease, RR: relative risk.
  2. * Include: atenolol, enalapril, amlodipine and hidroclorothiazide
  3. ** Include: aspirine, enalapril, amlodipine and atorvastatin.