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Table 3 Cross-sectional odds ratios (OR)1 of current daily tobacco use versus non-use in relation to lifestyle and health factors in the Stockholm Public Health Survey 2006.

From: Socio-demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics among snus users and dual tobacco users in Stockholm County, Sweden

Characteristic Males Females
  Snus use
OR2 (95% CI)
Smoking
OR3 (95% CI)
Dual use
OR (95% CI)
Snus use
OR2 (95% CI)
Smoking
OR3 (95% CI)
Dual use
OR (95% CI)
Risky alcohol consumption       
   No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
   Yes 1.81 1.88 2.71 1.79 1.78 3.29
  (1.63-2.02) (1.62-2.18) (2.12-3.46) (1.45-2.20) (1.58-2.00) (2.04-5.30)
Binge drinking       
   Never/seldom Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
   Monthly 2.34 1.82 2.31 1.53 2.80 4.46
  (2.08-2.63) (1.55-2.14) (1.75-3.05) (1.12-2.11) (2.39-3.27) (2.50-7.95)
   Weekly 3.01 3.16 5.47 3.16 3.85 6.49
  (2.55-3.56) (2.60-3.84) (4.07-7.34) (2.08-4.81) (3.08-4.82) (3.02-13.9)
Fruit consumption       
   Once a week or less 2.53 5.55 9.63 1.80 5.71 4.72
  (2.10-3.03) (4.27-7.23) (5.59-16.6) (1.23-2.64) (4.78-5.82) (2.32-9.61)
   Several times a week/daily 1.63 2.36 3.06 1.47 2.07 1.52
  (1.39-1.90) (1.85-3.01) (1.80-5.20) (1.19-1.81) (1.84-2.35) (0.91-2.55)
   Several times a day Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Vegetable consumption       
   Once a week or less 1.71 3.91 5.18 1.36 4.45 2.26
  (1.41-2.07) (2.97-5.15) (3.09-8.67) (0.86-2.15) (3.64-5.43) (0.89-5.76)
   Several times a week/daily 1.23 1.74 2.01 1.31 1.96 1.44
  (1.05-1.44) (1.35-2.24) (1.24-3.28) (1.06-1.62) (1.72-2.24) (0.85-2.42)
   Several times a day Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Body mass index 4       
   Underweight 0.46 1.68 1.27 0.91 1.24 1.76
  (0.22-0.97) (1.01-2.78) (0.45-3.59) (0.55-1.51) (0.98-1.58) (0.88-3.52)
   Normal weight Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
   Overweight 1.04 0.75 1.30 1.00 1.01 1.63
  (0.93-1.15) (0.65-0.86) (1.01-1.66) (0.79-1.26) (0.89-1.14) (0.96-2.76)
   Obese 1.01 0.76 1.59 0.99 0.92 1.76
  (0.85-1.20) (0.61-0.94) (1.12-2.26) (0.70-1.39) (0.77-1.10) (0.88-3.52)
Physical activity, days/week 5       
   < 2 1.09 2.07 1.85 0.90 1.47 1.74
  (0.97-1.22) (1.79-2.39) (1.43-2.39) (0.71-1.14) (1.31-1.66) (1.05-2.89)
   2-4 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
   5+ 0.95 0.94 1.10 1.11 0.99 1.17
  (0.83-1.07) (0.79-1.12) (0.82-1.48) (0.88-1.40) (0.87-1.13) (0.65-2.11)
Self-rated health       
   Very Good/Good Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
   Fair 1.11 1.69 2.16 1.08 1.74 1.44
  (0.98-1.26) (1.46-1.95) (1.69-2.77) (0.86-1.37) (1.55-1.95) (0.84-2.48)
   Very Poor/Poor 1.11 2.25 2.67 1.02 2.65 3.34
  (0.86-1.42) (1.76-2.87) (1.75-4.08) (0.64-1.64) (2.22-3.16) (1.66-6.72)
Psychosocial distress       
   No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
   Yes 0.96 1.33 1.68 1.14 1.54 1.63
  (0.83-1.10) (1.12-1.58) (1.28-2.20) (0.91-1.42) (1.37-1.73) (1.00-2.66)
  1. 1Adjusted for age and occupational class, when applicable. 2Further adjusted for past smoking. 3Further adjusted for past snus use. 4Further adjusted for physical activity. 5Further adjusted for body mass index.