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Table 3 Number of study participants using specific antibiotics to treat specific menstrual symptoms (n, (%, 95% confidence interval)), and estimates of the overall prevalence of use for each antibiotic for one or more menstrual symptoms (%, 95% confidence interval)

From: Self-medication with antibiotics for the treatment of menstrual symptoms in southwest Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

      Symptoms      
Antibiotic Cramps Weight gain, bloating Heavy flow, heavy bleeding Headaches Pimples, acne Aggression, moodiness Tender, painful breasts Backache, joint or muscle pain Other Prevalence of use for ≥ 1 menstrual symptom
Ampicillin 4 (0.6, 0.01-1.1) 5 (0.7, 0.08-1.3) 6 (0.9, 0.1-1.5) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 0 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 3 (0.4, 0.05-0.9) 2.6 (1.4-3.7)
Ampiclox (Ampicillin + Cloxacillin) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 0 6 (0.9, 0.1-1.5) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 0 0 0 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2.0 (0.95-3.0)
Pefloxacin 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 3 (0.4, 0.05-0.9) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 0 0 0 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 0.9 (0.2-1.5)
Amoxicillin 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 3 (0.4, 0.05-0.9) 3 (0.4, 0.05-0.9) 0 0 0 0 0 1.3 (0.4-2.1)
Augmentin 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 0 0 0 0 0 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0.7 (0.1-1.3)
Ofloxacin 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 0 0 0 0 0 1.1 (0.4-1.9)
Tetracycline 6 (0.9, 0.1-1.5) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 4 (0.6, 0.01-1.1) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 0 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 7 (1.0, 0.2-1.7) 2.7 (1.5-3.9)
Ciprofloxacin 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 0 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 4 (0.6, 0.01-1.1) 1.4 (0.5-2.3)
Metronidazole 6 (0.9, 0.1-1.5) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 3.0 (1.7-4.2)
Cotrimoxazole 3 (0.4, 0.05-0.9) 0 0 3 (0.4, 0.05-0.9) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 1.6 (0.6-2.5)
Streptomycin 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 (0.01-1.1)
Gentamicin 3 (0.4, 0.05-0.9) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 2 (0.3, 0.1-0.6) 1 (0.14, -0.01-0.4) 0 0 0 0 1.0 (0.3-1.7)