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Table 2 Multivariate Regression models of avoidance behavior on SHS exposure in the pre-school child's mother from 30 kindergarten schools in Hualien County, Taiwan (N = 919)

From: Second-hand smoke exposure and the factors associated with avoidance behavior among the mothers of pre-school children: a school-based cross-sectional study

Item β 95% CI
Model 1   
   Age .044 (-0.01, 0.12)
   Ethnicity   
Hakka vs. Minna -.013 (-1.04, 0.63)
Aboriginal vs. Minna .028 (-0.43, 1.26)
Other vs. Minna -.010 (-2.09, 1.46)
   Educational level   
Senior high school vs. Junior high school or below -.057 (-1.80, 0.39)
College or above vs. Junior high school or below -.009 (-1.27, 1.06)
   Household monthly income   
30,000 - 50,000 vs. < 30,000 .016 (-0.82, 1.23)
50,000 - 70,000 vs. < 30,000 -.016 (-1.32, 0.90)
70,000 - 90,000 vs. < 30,000 -.031 (-1.79, 0.76)
> 90,000 vs. < 30,000 -.035 (-1.98,0.70)
Model 2   
   Current smoker   
Yes vs. No -.260*** (-7.05, -4.38)
Model 3   
   Spouse smoked   
Yes vs. No -.060* (-1.38, -0.06)
Model 4   
   SHS exposure time -.138*** (-0.07, -0.02)
Model 5   
   Child's SHS exposure time -.084* (-0.01, -0.08)
Model 6   
   Self-efficacy .397*** (0.43, 0.59)
Model 7   
   Attitude .274*** (0.46, 0.70)
Model 8   
   Knowledge .082** (0.15, 0.65)
  1. * (p < 0.05), ** (p < 0.01), *** (p < 0.001)
  2. Model 1: This model included socio-demographic factors.
  3. Model 2: The variables included socio-demographic factors and current smoker.
  4. Model 3: The variables included socio-demographic factors, current smoker, and spouse current smoker.
  5. Model 4: The variables included socio-demographic factors, current smoker, spouse current smoker, and SHS exposure time.
  6. Model 5: The variables included socio-demographic factors, current smoker, spouse current smoker, SHS exposure time, and child's SHS exposure time.
  7. Model 6: The variables included socio-demographic factors, current smoker, spouse current smoker, SHS exposure time, child's SHS exposure time, and self-efficacy.
  8. Model 7: The variables included socio-demographic factors, current smoker, spouse current smoker, SHS exposure time, child's SHS exposure time, self-efficacy, and attitude.
  9. Model 8: The variables included socio-demographic factors, current smoker, spouse current smoker, SHS exposure time, child's SHS exposure time, self-efficacy, attitude, and knowledge.