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Table 1 People having 0, 1, 2 or ≥ 3 cardiovascular risk factors and social-cognitive determinants, physical fitness, physical activity intensity and physical activity duration, total population

From: Cardiovascular risk profile: Cross-sectional analysis of motivational determinants, physical fitness and physical activity

N = 1298 0 risk factors 1 risk factor 2 risk factors ≥3 risk factors p
  276 (21.3) 475 (36.6) 305 (23.5) 242 (18.6)  
Male 138 (15.8) 318 (36.4) 221 (25.3) 197 (22.5) < .001
Female 138 (32.6) 157 (37.0) 84 (19.8) 45 (10.6)  
Age (years) 32.8 ± 9.3bcd 37.0 ± 11.1acd 39.7 ± 10.8abd 44.8 ± 9.4abc < .001
Social-cognitieve determinants:     
Behavior 4.33 ± 0.98d 4.31 ± 1.01d 4.14 ± 1.05d 3.83 ± 1.09abc < .001
Intention 6.30 ± 1.07 6.18 ± 1.14 6.14 ± 1.19 6.05 ± 1.18 ns
Attitude 6.35 ± 0.61d 6.25 ± 0.63d 6.25 ± 0.67 6.11 ± 0.75ab < .01
Beliefs 4.60 ± 0.52 4.56 ± 0.49d 4.62 ± 0.53 4.68 ± 0.56b < .05
Subjective norms 4.83 ± 1.21cd 4.90 ± 1.25cd 5.13 ± 1.22ab 5.21 ± 1.11ab < .001
Perceived control 4.96 ± 0.98 5.07 ± 1.02 4.98 ± 1.02 4.88 ± 1.07 ns
Self-efficacy 5.99 ± 0.94d 5.96 ± 0.95d 5.80 ± 1.10 5.60 ± 1.16ab < .001
Descriptive norms 3.15 ± 1.09 3.05 ± 1.08 3.10 ± 1.03 3.06 ± 1.13 ns
Barriers 3.09 ± 0.98 3.13 ± 1.05 3.12 ± 1.01 3.24 ± 1.04 ns
Physical fitness 38.4 ± 7.28cd 37.0 ± 7.78cd 34.4 ± 8.12abd 31.0 ± 7.49abc < .001
Physical activity intensity 4.95 ± 1.33cd 4.86 ± 1.42d 4.64 ± 1.53 a 4.33 ± 1.47ab < .001
Physical activity duration 9.66 ± 8.90 9.54 ± 8.56 9.34 ± 9.02 8.07 ± 8.39 ns
  1. Values are numbers (and percentages) or mean ± SD;
  2. Social-cognitive determinants range 1-7;
  3. Abbreviations: P, p-value; a = different from 0 risk factor group, b = different from 1 risk factor group, c = different from the 2 risk factor group, d = different from the ≥3 risk factor group.