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Table 4 Risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for death from CHD, stroke, myocardial infarction or stroke, CVD and all causes associated with metabolic syndrome during the 9-year follow-up

From: Metabolic syndrome in Russian adults: associated factors and mortality from cardiovascular diseases and all causes

  RR (95% CI)
Models1 Men (1918) Women (1637)
  IDF NCEP IDF NCEP
N (%) 182 (9.5) 191 (10.0) 385 (23.5) 343 (21.0)
CHD death, N 44 18
   Model 1 1.84(0.81-4.18) 1.74(0.76-3.95) 1.64(0.61-4.39) 3.07(1.20-7.83)
   Model 2 0.97(0.41-2.26) 0.87(0.37-2.03) 0.99(0.34-2.94) 1.53(0.54-4.34)
   Model 3 0.78(0.32-1.91) 0.73(0.30-1.76) 0.86(0.27-2.67) 1.45(0.49-4.33)
Stroke death, N 15 17
   Model 1 6.36(2.29-17.67) 7.91(2.90-21.58) 1.77(0.66-4.77) 2.64(1.01-6.89)
   Model 2 3.32(1.25-8.83) 4.07(1.55-10.72) 0.95(0.36-2.53) 1.23(0.48-3.14)
   Model 3 3.16(1.11-9.00) 3.76(1.35-10.46) 0.92(0.36-2.33) 1.18(0.48-2.90)
Stroke/MI death, N 25 23
   Model 1 4.49 (1.96-10.26) 6.03 (2.75-13.23) 1.15 (0.46-2.89) 2.01 (0.86-4.71)
   Model 2 2.40 (1.09-5.31) 3.12 (1.45-6.73) 0.63 (0.25-1.56) 0.92 (0.40-2.11)
   Model 3 2.22 (1.02-4.94) 2.87 (1.32-6.23) 0.60 (0.25-1.43) 0.89 (0.40-1.97)
CVD death, N 66 42
   Model 1 2.34(1.30-4.21) 2.66(1.53-4.64) 2.00(1.09-3.69) 3.43(1.89-6.21)
   Model 2 1.25(0.73-2.15) 1.38(0.83-2.28) 1.11(0.63-1.96) 1.58(0.91-2.73)
   Model 3 1.08(0.64-1.82) 1.23(0.76-2.00) 1.09(0.63-1.89) 1.54(0.91-2.61)
All-cause death, N 124 76
   Model 1 1.41(0.86-2.34) 1.95(1.26-3.02) 2.12(1.36-3.31) 2.90(1.87-4.49)
   Model 2 0.80(0.51-1.27) 1.07(0.71-1.59) 1.15(0.76-1.72) 1.40(0.94-2.09)
   Model 3 0.76(0.48-1.18) 1.01(0.69-1.49) 1.13(0.76-1.68) 1.38(0.94-2.04)
  1. 1Model 1 presents crude estimates
  2. Model 2 presents data adjusted for age.
  3. Model 3 presents data adjusted for age, history of cardiovascular diseases, smoking status and alcohol intake (number of AU taken on one occasion)