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Table 1 Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in obese individuals as defined by each obesity indicator, and stratified by gender, n (%)

From: The relationship of high sensitivity C-reactive protein to percent body fat mass, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist circumference in a Taiwanese population

 

Male

Female

 

Obesity defined by

Obesity defined by

Variables

%FM

(29.6)

BMI

(24)

WHR

(0.9)

WC

(90 cm)

%FM

(40.1)

BMI

(24)

WHR

(0.85)

WC

(80 cm)

Obesity

203 (25.15)

478 (59.23)

340 (42.13)

240 (29.74)

222 (25.75)

366 (42.46)

189 (21.93)

250 (29.00)

Smokinga

65 (32.02)

139 (29.08)

118 (34.81)

80 (33.33)

8 (3.62)

10 (2.74)

6 (3.17)

7 (2.80)

Drinkingb

77 (37.93)

189 (39.54)

128 (37.76)

98 (40.83)

16 (7.24)

27 (7.40)

15 (7.94)

17 (6.80)

Betel nut chewingb

14 (6.90)

37 (7.76)

27 (8.01)

17 (7.08)

0 (0.00)

0 (0.00)

0 (0.00)

0 (0.00)

Exerciseb

135 (66.50)

320 (66.95)

221 (65.19)

164 (68.33)

135 (60.81)

236 (64.48)

121 (64.02)

155 (62.00)

Family history of diabetesc

48 (23.65)

116 (24.27)

72 (21.18)

53 (22.08)

52 (23.42)

98 (26.78)

46 (24.34)

58 (23.20)

Hyperglycemia

111 (54.68)

231 (48.33)

168 (49.41)

131 (54.58)

97 (43.69)

153 (41.80)

86 (45.50)

114 (45.60)

Hypertriglyceridemia

102 (50.25)

183 (38.28)

143 (42.06)

104 (43.33)

64 (28.83)

101 (27.60)

62 (32.80)

74 (29.60)

Hypertension

174 (85.71)

354 (74.06)

264 (77.65)

201 (83.75)

163 (73.42)

244 (66.67)

129 (68.25)

185 (74.00)

Low HDL cholesterol

136 (67.00)

301 (62.97)

212 (62.35)

151 (62.92)

157 (70.72)

248 (67.76)

131 (69.31)

171 (68.40)

High level of hs-CRP

74 (36.45)

137 (28.66)

104 (30.59)

76 (31.67)

105 (47.30)

140 (38.25)

83 (43.92)

109 (43.60)

  1. %FM: percent body fat mass, BMI: body mass index, WHR: waist-to-hip ratio, WC: waist circumference, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)
  2. a: Those in the non-smoking group had never smoked or had smoked less than 100 cigarettes during their lifetime, whereas those in the smoking group smoked currently or had smoked more than or equal to 100 cigarettes during their lifetime.
  3. b: Individuals who self-reported the characteristics of alcohol drinking, betel chewing or exercise were classified into the group with this specific characteristic.
  4. c: Those whose parents or siblings had diabetes were classified as having a family history of diabetes.