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Table 6 A summary of daily nutrient intake among pregnant women

From: Inadequacy of nutrients intake among pregnant women in the Deep South of Thailand

Variables This study Piammongkol et al., 2004 [10] Jaruratanasirikul et al., 2009 [11] Cheng et al., 2009 [4] Oguntona and Akinyele, 2002 [6] Swensen et al., 2001 [7]
Site Hospital-based Narathiwat, southern Thailand Community-based Pattani, southern Thailand Hospital-based Songkhla, southern Thailand Hospital-based Shaanxi, western China Hospital-based Ogun state, Nigeria Hospital-based Mineapolis & St. Paul, USA
Gestational age 12-20 weeks 32-40 weeks 12-16 weeks < 24 weeks < 24 weeks < 20week
Recommended considered 2/3 (66.7%)RDA 80%RDA 100% iDRI 100% DRI 100%RDA 2/3 (66.7%)RDA
Nutrient intake % of inadequacy Mean % of inadequacy Mean % of inadequacy Mean % of inadequacy Mean % of inadequacy Mean % of inadequacy Mean
Macronutrient             
- CHO(g) 86.8 177.6 - 227.1   225.0 - 391.2 - 263.5   
- Protein(g) 81.5 37.1 46.4 48.9 - 70.0 31.0 63.4 44.0 39.8 2.0 -
- Fat(g) 87.0 38.9 - 20.2 - 60.0 - 57.0 - 23.6 - -
- Calories(Kcal) 95.2 1,204.5 96.4 1,285.0 - 1,806.0 54.0 2,331.9 44.3 1,405.8 30.0 -
Micronutrient             
- Thiamine(mg) 85.0 0.7 98.8 0.4 - 0.46 - 1.4 - - 5.0 -
- Riboflavin(mg) 19.2 1.3 75.3 0.9 - 1.33 91.0 0.9 - - 0.0 -
- Niacin(mg) 43.2 9.8 29.5 16.2 - 17.0 - 12.2 - - 12.0 -
- Vitamin A(ng RE) 3.8 2,366.5 3.6 2,628.0 - 718.0 - 572.0 0.0 2,387.0 3.0 -
- Vitamin C(mg) 0.8 251.7 14.5 119.. 0 - 71.0 34 106.3 - - 8.0 -
- Calcium(mg) 55.0 493.2 99.4 281.7 - 700.0 70.0 453.7 25.1 748.8 17.0 -
- Phosphorus(mg) 29.5 571.8 97.6 431.3 - 698.0 - 1,147.6 - - 0.0 -
- Iron(mg) 45.2 17.6 98.8 22.0 - 16.0 - 23.2 62.0 11.4 90.0 -
- Iodine(μg) 0.8 379.9 - - - - - - - - - -
- Zinc(mg) - - - - - 3.5 91.0 8.9 18.7 12.2 24.0 -
- Copper(mg) - - - - - - - 1.9 73.3 0.8 - -
- Folate(μg) - - - - - - 97.0 265.9 67.0 198.0 - -
  1. "-" No information available; RDA: Recommended Dietary Allowance; DRI: Dietary Reference Intakes