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Table 4 Final logistic regression analysis on significant factors of macronutrient inadequacy with two-thirds of RDA levelsa

From: Inadequacy of nutrients intake among pregnant women in the Deep South of Thailand

  Macronutrients
  Carbohydrate Protein Fat Calorie
  Adj. OR (95%CI) p-valueb Adj. OR (95%CI) p-valueb Adj. OR (95%CI) p-valueb Adj. OR (95%CI) p-valueb
Age (years)   0.022   0.023   0.005   0.036
< 20 1.38 (0.49,3.89)   0.43 (0.22,0.83)*   0.40 (0.20,0.80)*   0.51 (0.24,1.12)  
20-34 1   1   1   1  
≥35 0.35 (0.16,0.75)**   0.64 (0.36,1.15)   0.41 (0.21,0.81)*   0.42 (0.20,0.87)*  
Education   0.042   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
Primary school 2.97 (1.11,7.91)*   2.23 (1.09,4.55)*   3.28 (1.37,7.89)**   3.51 (1.40,8.78)**  
Secondary school 1.38 (0.58,3.29)   0.94 (0.48,1.85)   0.19 (0.42,1.95)   1.16 (0.52,2.58)  
Higher than
secondary school
1   1   1   1  
Gestational age (weeks)     0.023   0.034 -  
< 14   - 1   1    
≥14 -   0.46 (0.27,0.79)**   0.49 (0.25,0.98)*    
Body mass index   0.052 -   -   -  
< 18.5 0.45 (0.21,0.95)*        
18.5-29.9 1        
≥30.0 1.44 (0.62,3.36)        
Weighted violence score 1.66 (1.14,2.42)** 0.006 1.38 (1.08,1.77)** 0.009 -   -  
  1. a First model of logistic regression included age, education, religion, occupation, household income, gestational age at enrolment, number of family members and level of violence; b p-value by Likelihood Ratio Test; Adj. OR: Adjusted Odds Ratio; *p value < 0.05; ** p value <0.01