Skip to main content

Table 1 Birthing practices of traditional birth attendants in Mysore Taluk, India (N = 417)

From: Traditional birth attendants lack basic information on HIV and safe delivery practices in rural Mysore, India

Characteristic Total
  N (%)
Would you consider this a high-risk pregnancy   
   Age <17 & >35 yrs 210 50.4
   First pregnancy or >5 times pregnant 163 39.1
   Past h/o spontaneous abortion 208 49.9
   Past h/o blood pressure 245 58.8
   Past h/o caesarian section 267 64.0
   Past h/o postpartum hemorrhage 178 42.7
   Stillbirth during last delivery 228 54.7
   Abnormal presentation of fetus 288 69.1
   Mother's height <1.45 m 171 41.0
   Fetus stops moving or unable to hear the baby 288 69.1
   Twins 228 54.7
Do you advise any of the following treatments   
   Special food and diet 282 67.6
   Enema 13 3.1
   Exercise 182 43.6
   Massage with oil on stomach 255 61.2
   Special posture to sit 372 89.2
   Special posture to sleep 354 84.9
   Medicines 78 18.7
   Pushing out the abdomen during the pain 191 45.8
When do you advise your clients to get you when they are ready to deliver   
   Breaking of bag of waters 23 5.5
   Fast painful contractions 404 96.9
   Head is coming out 10 2.4
What is the most common posture for delivering a woman in labor   
   Seated 105 25.2
   Squatting 140 33.6
   Laying down 228 54.7
   Kneeling 43 10.3
What would you do if there is excessive bleeding before delivery   
   Refer to medical center 254 60.9
   Do nothing, will have normal delivery 6 1.44
   Don't know 19 4.56
What would you do if there is excessive bleeding after delivery   
   Wait until 'bad blood' has passed 414 99.3
   Refer to medical center 53 12.7
What would you do: After the baby is delivered, the placenta becomes stuck inside the woman or it does not come out right away   
   Massage the uterus 134 32.1
   Manually clear the placenta by hand 50 11.9
   Induce vomiting by stuffing hair into mouth in order to expel placenta 65 15.6
   Induce vomiting by sticking hand into mouth in order to expel placenta 18 4.3
   Drink castor oil 1 0.2
   Refer to medical center 47 11.2
   Don't know 11 2.6
What would you do if:   
Umbilical cord comes out of the woman before the baby   
   Deliver baby normally 15 3.6
   Manually push the cord back inside the woman 54 12.9
   Rotate the baby's position inside the mother 11 2.6
   Refer to medical center 158 37.9
   Don't know 156 37.4
   Refuse to answer 15 3.6
Umbilical cord is wrapped around the baby's head   
   Leave the cord until the baby is delivered 104 24.9
   Loosen the cord around the baby's neck 239 57.3
   Tie and cut the cord after the shoulders come through the pelvis 15 3.6
   Refer to medical center 19 4.6
   Don't know 15 3.6
   Refuse to answer 3 0.72
Baby is stuck inside the mother   
   Change the position of the mother 13 3.1
   Refer to the medical center 292 70.0
   Don't know 12 2.88
   Refused to answer 5 1.2
Baby comes out the wrong way   
   Deliver the baby normally 123 29.5
   Refer to medical center 237 56.8
   Don't know 39 9.35
   Refuse to answer 3 0.72
Mother gets a fever, feels dizzy or becomes pale   
   Give mother water to drink 92 22.1
   Refer to medical center 194 46.5
   Don't know 38 9.1
   Refuse to answer 1 0.24
There are cuts and tears in the woman's vaginal wall after birth   
   Wash with soap and water 93 22.3
   Apply turmeric with oil 11 2.6
   Don't know 133 31.9
   Refused to answer 9 2.2
A newborn does not cry   
   Blow in the baby's ear 115 27.6
   Splash baby with cold water 126 32.2
   Massage baby's back, feet or hands 108 25.9
   Hold baby with legs upward 65 15.6
   Flick the baby's hands or feet 82 19.7
   Refer to medical center 22 5.3