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Table 5 Kikuyu-Kalenjin differences in the prevalence of CVD risk markers

From: Urbanization, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk in a population in transition in Nakuru, Kenya: a population-based survey

  Kikuyus Kalenjins Age and sex adjusted OR (95% CI) Age, sex and socio-demographic adjusted OR (SES score and urban) Age, sex, BMI, WHR, smoking, alcohol Age, sex, diabetes, cholesterol, hypertension Fully adjusted model
Hypertension 1445 (53%) 420 (42%) 1.6 (1.4-1.8) 1.3 (1.1-1.5) 1.5 (1.3-1.8) 1.5 (1.3-1.7) 1.4 (1.2-1.7)
Normotensive 1304 (47%) 588 (58%) Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline
Diabetic 219 (8%) 24 (2%) 3.4 (2.2-5.3) 2.2 (1.4-3.4) 3.4 (2.2-5.4) 3.3 (2.2-5.2) 2.3 (1.5-3.8)
Normal 2506 (92%) 940 (98%) Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline
High cholesterol 648 (24%) 142 (14%) 1.8 (1.5-2.2) 1.6 (1.3-2.0) 1.6 (1.3-2.0) 1.7 (1.4-2.1) 1.5 (1.2-1.9)
Normal cholesterol 2025 (76%) 848 (86%) Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline
Obese 392 (14%) 80 (8%) 1.8 (1.4-2.3) 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 2.0 (1.5-2.7) 1.7 (1.3-2.2) 1.0 (0.7-1.4)
Not obese 2334 (86%) 923 (92%) Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline