Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Rural-urban differences in the prevalence of CVD risk markers

From: Urbanization, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk in a population in transition in Nakuru, Kenya: a population-based survey

  Urban (n = 1431) Rural (n = 2945) Age and sex adjusted OR (95% CI) Age, sex and socio-demographic adjusted OR (SES score) Age, sex, BMI, WHR, smoking, alcohol Age, sex, diabetes, cholesterol, hypertension Fully adjusted model
Hypertension 812 (57%) 1379 (47%) 1.7 (1.5-1.9) 1.4 (1.2-1.6) 1.4 (1.2-1.6) 1.6 (1.4-1.8) 1.3 (1.1-1.5)
Normotensive 619 (43%) 1566 (53%) Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline
Diabetic 139 (10.0%) 144 (5.0%) 2.3 (1.8-2.9) 1.3 (1.0-1.7) 2.0 (1.5-2.5) 2.2 (1.7-2.8) 1.3 (0.9-1.7)
Normal 1256 (90.0%) 2756 (95.0%) Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline
High cholesterol 316 (22%) 588 (21%) 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)
Normal cholesterol 1100 (78%) 2268 (79%) Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline
Obese 287 (20%) 280 (10%) 2.3 (1.9-2.8) 1.3 (1.0-1.6) 2.9 (2.3-3.5) 2.2 (1.8-2.7) 1.5 (1.2-1.9)
Not obese 1131 (80%) 2648 (90%) Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline