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Table 3 Means (and standard error) of cardiovascular risk markers, by gender and ethnicity

From: Urbanization, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk in a population in transition in Nakuru, Kenya: a population-based survey

  Kikuyu-Kalenjin comparison
  Men Women
  No. Kikuyu/Kalenjin Kikuyu Kalenjin Age adjusted p-value No. Kikuyu/Kalenjin Kikuyu Kalenjin Age adjusted p-value
Mean SBP 1218/535 142 (24) 139 (23) 0.007 1531/473 142 (26) 136 (24) <0.0001
Mean DBP 1218/535 81 (13) 81 (13) 0.85 1531/473 84 (14) 82 (13) 0.02
Glucose 1209/515 5.5 (2.6) 4.4 (1.7) <0.0001 1516/449 5.5 (2.6) 4.9 (2.0) <0.0001
Cholesterol 1177/524 4.4 (1.0) 4.2 (0.7) <0.0001 1496/466 4.8 (1.0) 4.5 (1.0) <0.0001
BMI 1207/534 23 (5) 21 (4) <0.0001 1519/469 26 (6) 23 (5) <0.0001
Waist 1213/535 89 (12) 86 (11) 0.002 1522/470 91 (14) 88 (13) <0.0001
WHR 1213/535 0.92 (0.07) 0.92 (0.06) 0.24 1521/470 0.88(0.08) 0.90 (0.06) <0.0001