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Table 2 The utilization of maternal health care and maternal mortality rate in 2001 and 2005

From: The evaluation of "Safe Motherhood" program on maternal care utilization in rural western China: a difference in difference approach

Outcomes 2001 2005 Change
  Intervention Control P-value Intervention Control P-value Intervention Control
Had a prenatal visit (%,n) 82.6 (2687) 88.7 (6220) 0.001 98.3 (2991) 98.4 (6629) 0.703 19.0 10.9
First prenatal visits (%,n)         
First trimester 38.9 (1045) 43.6 (2718) 0.001 76.1 (2276) 67.6 (4481) 0.001 95.6 54.7
Second trimester 42.7 (1147) 40.7 (2531)   20.5 (613) 27.3 (1810)   -52.0 -32.9
Third trimester 18.4 (495) 15.7 (971)   3.4(102) 5.1 (338)   -81.5 -67.5
Place of prenatal visits(%,n)         
Home/Village clinic 17.8 (478) 13.6 (845) 0.001 6.3 (189) 6.5 (431) 0.513 -64.6 -52.2
Township hospital 39.6 (1064) 52.2 (3247)   62.0 (1854) 60.9 (4037)   24.9 14.7
County health facilities 34.6 (930) 28.6 (1779)   30.7 (918) 31.8 (2108)   - -
others 8.1 (215) 5.6 (349)   1.0 (30) 0.8 (53)   - -
Place of delivery (%,n)         
Home/Village clinic 67.6 (2199) 40.3 (2896) 0.001 11.5 (350) 8.7 (586) 0.001 -83.0 -78.4
Township hospital 14.7 (478) 31.5 (2209)   47.5 (1445) 49.5 (3335)   180.7 62.6
County health facilities 16.4 (533) 24.1 (1690)   39.8 (1211) 40.9 (2755)   - -
others 1.3 (43) 3.1 (218)   1.2 (37) 0.9 (61)   - -
Was mobilized to hospital delivery (%,n) 62.7 (2040) 52.1 (3654) 0.001 94.5 (2876) 88.9 (5989) 0.001 50.7 70.6
Maternal mortality rate (1/100,000, n) 91.8 (37) 90.2 (76) 0.001 59.7 (22) 77.7 (71) 0.001 -34.9 -14.0
  1. Two-sided P values for categorical variables were calculated using Pearson's χ2 test, and MMR were calculated using two-sample test of Poisson distribution.