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Table 1 Characteristics of MONICA participants by study wave and by canton, Switzerland 1984-1993

From: Establishing a follow-up of the Swiss MONICA participants (1984-1993): record linkage with census and mortality data

  Study wave Study region (canton)
  MONICA I MONICA II MONICA III Vaud* Fribourg* Ticino
Participants (n) 3,442 3,466 3,252 4,263 1,378 4,519
Age of inclusion (years) 25-74 25-74 25-74 25-74 25-74 35-64
Women (%) 49.1 48.6 51.4 49.9 48.8 49.8
Foreign nationals (%) 14.7 18.6 21.2 17.7 7.4 21.8
Age (in years, mean) 47.6 47.8 47.8 47.0 45.7 49.0
University education (%) 6.5 7.7 8.5 9.0 6.5 6.5
Tertiary education (%) 14.0 10.2 11.6 16.5 12.8 7.4
Upper secondary education (%) 44.7 50.4 50.6 48.3 45.1 49.8
Mandatory education (%) 34.8 31.8 29.3 26.1 35.6 36.4
Never married (%) 13.4 12.0 12.1 13.6 15.8 10.5
Married (%) 76.8 76.9 76.0 73.7 77.4 79.0
Widowed (%) 4.2 4.1 3.7 4.2 3.6 4.0
Divorced (%) 5.6 6.9 8.2 8.5 3.3 6.5
Start of examination VD/FR** 29.10.1984 02.11.1988 23.11.1992    
Duration VD/FR (days) 222 240 215    
Start of examination TI** 11.11.1985 24.10.1988 28.10.1992    
Duration TI (days) 198 185 210    
  1. *together belonging to the predominantly French speaking region "Vaud/Fribourg"
  2. **equal to study entry
  3. VD/FR: Vaud/Fribourg area; TI: Ticino area
  4. MONICA: MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovscular disease