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Table 5 Odd ratios and rate ratios (95% confidence intervals) from Poisson and logistic regression analysis of mortality 1991-2001 and long-term illness in 1991 and 2001 for all women by marital history and parity.

From: Marital history, health and mortality among older men and women in England and Wales

  Mortality 1991-2001 Long-term illness 1991 Long-term illness 2001
  IRR OR OR
Age 1.10*** (1.10-1.11) 1.07*** (1.06-1.07) 1.09*** (1.09-1.10)
Marital status/history 1971-91/01       
Long term first marriage 1.00   1.00   1.00  
First marriage since 1971 1.14 (0.84-1.54) 0.84 (0.58-1.20) 0.75 (0.46-1.20)
Long term remarriage 1.08 (0.96-1.21) 1.29*** (1.13-1.47) 1.35* (1.08-1.67)
Remarried since 1971, previously widowed 1.03 (0.84-1.27) 1.12 (0.88-1.42) 1.15 (0.90-1.46)
Remarried since 1971, previously divorced 1.10 (0.98-1.23) 1.09 (0.97-1.23) 1.38** (1.08-1.76)
Long-term widow (20+ years)1 1.10* (1.02-1.18) 1.01 (0.92-1.11) 1.09 (0.94-1.27)
Widow (10-19 years)2 1.08** (1.02-1.15) 0.96 (0.89-1.04) 1.03 (0.96-1.11)
Widow (< 10 years) 1.12*** (1.06-1.17) 0.96 (0.91-1.02) 1.04 (0.97-1.12)
Long-term divorced (20+ years)1 1.22** (1.05-1.42) 1.15 (0.95-1.39) 1.02 (0.78-1.32)
Divorced (10-19 years)3 1.13 (0.99-1.29) 1.14 (0.98-1.33)   
Divorced (< 10 years) 1.46*** (1.20-1.78) 1.48** (1.17-1.86) 1.07 (0.91-1.26)
Never-married 1.03 (0.95-1.12) 1.05 (0.95-1.17) 0.95 (0.83-1.09)
Socioeconomic variables       
Educational qual. 1971 (ref. none) 0.84*** (0.78-0.90) 0.87** (0.80-0.95) 0.83*** (0.75-0.90)
Tenure/car score 1971-91 0.95*** (0.95-0.96) 0.92*** (0.91-0.93) 0.96*** (0.94-0.98)
Owner occupier 2001      0.62*** (0.58-0.67)
Parity       
0 1.16*** (1.09-1.22) 1.05 (0.98-1.13) 0.93 (0.86-1.02)
1 1.09** (1.03-1.14) 1.09** (1.02-1.16) 1.02 (0.94-1.09)
2 (ref) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
3 1.01 (0.96-1.08) 1.06 (0.99-1.13) 1.10* (1.01-1.19)
4 1.05 (0.97-1.13) 1.05 (0.96-1.15) 1.18** (1.06-1.32)
5+ 1.15** (1.06-1.23) 1.25*** (1.14-1.37) 1.40*** (1.24-1.58)
Number of deaths/N 12,254 41341 25,029