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Table 4 Odd-ratios (95% confidence intervals) from logistic regression analysis of long-term illness 2001 (ages 70-89)

From: Marital history, health and mortality among older men and women in England and Wales

  Men Women
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
  OR OR OR OR
Age 1.07*** (1.06-1.08) 1.06*** (1.06-1.07) 1.10*** (1.09-1.10) 1.09*** (1.09-1.10)
Marital history 1971-01         
1st marriage -long term (30+ years) 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
1st marriage- since 1971 1.08 (0.80-1.45) 1.00 (0.74-1.36) 0.66 (0.41-1.06) 0.68 (0.42-1.09)
Remarried - long term (30+ years) 1.18* (1.01-1.37) 1.18* (1.01-1.38) 1.41** (1.12-1.77) 1.36** (1.08-1.71)
Remarried since 1971, previously widowed 1.04 (0.86-1.24) 1.03 (0.86-1.24) 1.18 (0.96-1.45) 1.11 (0.90-1.36)
Remarried since 1971, previously divorced 0.98 (0.80-1.20) 0.95 (0.78-1.17) 1.45** (1.17-1.79) 1.34** (1.08-1.66)
Widowed- long term (30+ years) 1.28 (0.81-2.03) 1.04 (0.65-1.66) 1.29** (1.12-1.49) 1.12 (0.97-1.30)
Widowed- intermediate (10-29 years) 1.15* (1.01-1.30) 1.00 (0.88-1.13) 1.19*** (1.07-1.27) 1.04 (0.97-1.12)
Widowed- recent (< 10 years) 1.14* (1.04-1.26) 1.03 (0.94-1.14) 1.14*** (1.07-1.23) 1.05 (0.98-1.13)
Divorced- long term (30+ years) 1.00 (0.63-1.58) 0.86 (0.54-1.37) 1.25 (0.96-1.61) 1.03 (0.79-1.34)
Divorced- intermediate or recent (< 30 years) 1.24* (1.05-1.46) 1.08 (0.91-1.28) 1.31*** (1.13-1.53) 1.09 (0.94-1.28)
Never-married 1.07 (0.94-1.23) 0.89 (0.77-1.01) 0.96 (0.86-1.08) 0.88** (0.78-0.99)
Socioeconomic variables         
Educational qual.1971 (ref. none)    0.83*** (0.76-0.90)    0.82*** (0.75-0.90)
Tenure/car score 1971-91    0.97*** (0.96-0.98)    0.98*** (0.97-0.99)
Social class score 1971-8    0.93*** (0.90-0.95)     
Owner occupier 2001 (ref.yes)    0.75*** (0.68-0.82)    0.60*** (0.56-0.65)
Current marital status         
All in 1 st marriage 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
All remarried 1.08 (0.97-1.20) 1.08 (0.97-1.20) 1.37*** (1.19-1.57) 1.30*** (1.13-1.49)
All widowed 1.15*** (1.06-1.24) 1.02 (0.94-1.11) 1.17*** (1.11-1.25) 1.06 (0.99-1.12)
All divorced 1.21* (1.04-1.42) 1.05 (0.90-1.23) 1.29*** (1.12-1.49) 1.08 (0.94-1.25)
Never-married 1.07 (0.94-1.23) 0.89 (0.77-1.01) 0.98 (0.87-1.10) 0.88* (0.78-0.99)
N 17,997 17,997 25,029 25,029
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001