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Table 5 Relative risk of having a high* healthy lifestyle score by education level

From: Intergenerational educational mobility is associated with cardiovascular disease risk behaviours in a cohort of young Australian adults: The Childhood Determinants of Adult Health (CDAH) Study

  Unadjusted   Adjusted 1   Adjusted 2  
  RR/PR (95% CI) P-value RR/PR (95% CI) P-value RR/PR (95%CI) P-value
Males          
   Participant's education          
   High 1.00       ----   
   Intermediate 0.79 (0.69, 0.89) <0.01 0.80 (0.70, 0.90) <0.01 ---- ---- ----
   Low 0.76 (0.65, 0.88) <0.01 0.76 (0.66, 0.89) <0.01 ---- ---- ----
   Parents' education          
   High 1.00 Reference   1.00 Reference   1.00 Reference  
   Intermediate 0.94 (0.83, 1.07) 0.35 0.95 (0.84, 1.08) 0.44 1.01 (0.88, 1.14) 0.93
   Low 0.82 (0.71, 0.94) <0.01 0.84 (0.73, 0.96) 0.01 0.91 (0.78, 1.04) 0.17
Females          
   Participant's education          
   High 1.00    1.00    ----   
   Intermediate 0.85 (0.77, 0.93) <0.01 0.85 (0.77, 0.93) <0.01 ---- ---- ----
   Low 0.81 (0.74, 0.90) <0.01 0.84 (0.76, 0.92) <0.01 ---- ---- ----
   Parents' education          
   High 1.00 Reference   1.00 Reference   1.00 Reference  
   Intermediate 0.90 (0.82, 0.99) 0.02 0.93 (0.85, 1.02) 0.12 0.97 (0.89, 1.07) 0.53
   Low 0.94 (0.86, 1.02) 0.14 0.97 (0.88, 1.05) 0.44 1.00 (0.92, 1.09) 0.99
  1. * high = scores 5 to 10
  2. RR: relative risk, PR: prevalence ratio, CI: confidence interval
  3. Participant's education adjusted 1 includes: age for males and age, marital status and area of residence for females.
  4. Parents' education adjusted 1 includes age for males and age, marital status and area of residence for females. Adjusted 2 models include additional adjustment for participant's education level.
  5. RR/PR were estimated using log binomial regression models
  6. Males, n = 918; females, n = 1033