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Table 4 Proportion of youths drinking outside of national consumption guidance by reported consumption and access behaviours

From: A cross-sectional survey of compliance with national guidance for alcohol consumption by children: measuring risk factors, protective factors and social norms for excessive and unsupervised drinking

   Excess drinking (%)
Consumption and access Frequent drinking Heavy drinking
Unsupervised inside drinking Yes 26.2   65.7  
  No 17.2 <0.001 40.1 <0.001
Outside drinking (streets, parks, shops) Yes 16.1   77.8  
  No 37.3 <0.001 45.1 <0.001
Parents provide Yes 19.0   47.1  
  No 26.1 <0.001 63.3 <0.001
Take from parents Yes 31.7   70.6  
  No 21.7 <0.001 53.8 <0.001
Proxy purchase Yes 38.8   78.0  
  No 20.4 <0.001 52.2 <0.001
Self-purchase Yes 39.9   80.1  
  No 16.6 <0.001 46.8 <0.001
Frequent drinking Yes    90.1  
  No    44.6 <0.001
Heavy drinking Yes 36.8    
  No 4.9 <0.001