Skip to main content

Table 4 Unadjusted and adjusted prevalence odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the associations between chronic bronchitis/emphysema diagnosis and lifestyle behaviors, body mass index, and perceived health (N = 790)

From: Lifestyle and perceived health in subjects with chronic bronchitis or emphysema: a cross-sectional study

Lifestyle/health behavior Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI)*
Consumption of fruits   
Every day 0.955 (0.794-1.149) 0.941 (0.780-1.135)
Less than every day 1.00 1.00
Consumption of vegetables   
Every day 1.221 (1,013-1.472) 1.229 ((1.018-1.482)
Less than every day 1.00 1.00
Smoking   
Current smokers 1.341 (1.134-1.585) 1.579 (1.321-1.886)
Nonsmokers 1.00 1.00
Binge alcohol use   
At risk 0.958 (0.644-1.426) 1.139 (0.759-1.707)
Not at risk 1.00 1.00
Heavy consumption of alcohol   
At risk 1.064 (0.736-1.540) 1.035 (0.706-1.516)
Not at risk 1.00 1.00
Physical activity   
Active 0.990 (0.826-1.187) 1.067 (0.88-1.282)
Not active 1.00 1.00
Body mass index   
< 25 1.00 1.00
25-30 0.940 (0.781-1.132) 0.907 (0.752-1.094)
> 30 1.073 (0.869-1.325) 1.006 (0.814-1.244)
Perceived health   
Very bad/bad 6.171 (4.921-7.739) 4.667 (3.643-5.977)
Fair 2.577 (2.099-3.163) 2.168 (1.753-2.682)
Good/very good 1.00 1.00
  1. • Adjusted for sex, age in years, education, and urban living environment. 1.00 reference category