Skip to main content

Table 2 Inclusion/exclusion criteria for each of the six health behaviours

From: The effectiveness of interventions to change six health behaviours: a review of reviews

Health Behaviour Population Intervention Exclusions Outcomes
Smoking Smokers
Those with raised risk
(e.g. pregnant women)
General population
Interventions with a behavioural or educational component; advertising/media campaign; smoke free policies; other (to promote the outcomes) Nicotine replacement therapy; other drug therapies; acupuncture; interventions aimed at treatment of smoking-related illness Change in behaviours
Smoking cessation; smoking prevention
Physical activity Those with raised risk (e.g. overweight, sedentary or pregnant)
General population
Interventions with a behavioural or educational component; advertising/media campaign; other (to promote the outcomes) Interventions aimed at treating health problems (e.g. arthritis, back pain and intermittent claudication) Change in behaviours
Prevention of health problems related to sedentary lifestyle; increased uptake of exercise; increase in exercise levels
Alcohol misuse Problem drinkers
Those with raised risk
(e.g. pregnant women)
General population
Interventions with a behavioural or educational component; advertising/media campaign; interventions to reduce drink driving; other (to promote the outcomes) Programmes to maintain abstinence; reviews of those with alcohol dependence Change in behaviours
Prevent/reduce alcohol consumption; prevent/reduce drink driving; promote moderate drinking
Diet General population Interventions with a behavioural or educational component; advertising/media campaign;
Must have the aim of promoting healthy eating, rather than solely focussing on weight loss;
Interventions aiming only to reduce risk factors (blood pressure; hypertension); population with a chronic disease (e.g. those with diabetes or heart disease)
Weight loss diets without a behavioural/educational component
Change in behaviours
Dietary change
Illicit drug use General population Interventions with a behavioural or educational component; advertising/media campaign; other (to promote the outcomes) Interventions aimed at illicit drug misusers (i.e. those with a dependency on illicit drugs) Change in behaviours
Prevention of illicit drug use
Sexual risk taking in young people Young people Interventions with a behavioural or educational component; advertising/media campaign; other (to promote the outcomes) Interventions aimed at sexual risk takers (e.g. treatments for STIs; pregnancy counselling) Change in behaviours
Reduction of sexual risk taking; reduction of STDs; reduction of teenage pregnancy rates