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Table 1 Annual number and event rate per 1,000 hypertensive patients of incident cases of cardiovascular disease, mortality and prevalent cases of type 2 diabetes; 2008 and 2020.

From: Epidemiological and economic burden of metabolic syndrome and its consequences in patients with hypertension in Germany, Spain and Italy; a prevalence-based model

  Germany Spain Italy
  No. events Event rate* No. events Event rate* No. events Event rate*
Annual incidence of cardiovascular events
2008       
   MetS† 583,500 27 74,600 25 103,300 24
   No MetS‡ 188,500 14 134,000 13 202,500 13
2020       
   MetS† 889,500 29 208,300 27 267,800 25
   No MetS‡ 124,400 14 132,200 14 189,900 13
Annual incidence of mortality
2008       
   MetS† 64,000 3.00 14,800 2.74 11,300 2.64
   No MetS‡ 20,600 1.49 8,200 1.45 22,400 1.40
2020       
   MetS† 97,800 3.17 22,800 2.90 29,300 2.78
   No MetS‡ 13,600 1.52 14,500 1.50 20,800 1.50
Annual prevalence of type 2 diabetes
2008       
   MetS† 5,287,600 248 834,500 281 1,313,300 308
   No MetS‡ 627,300 45 515,100 51 823,700 52
2020       
   MetS† 8,676,100 281 2,364,500 301 3,390,200 322
   No MetS‡ 510,300 57 703,400 73 1,021,600 71
  1. * Event rate per 1000, † hypertension patients with MetS, ‡ hypertension patients without MetS.