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Table 1 Comparison of patients at risk versus patients not at risk, in % (Lausanne, 2005-2006)

From: Sexual behaviour of men that consulted in medical outpatient clinics in Western Switzerland from 2005-2006: risk levels unknown to doctors?

Variables All Risk No risk p value§
Recruitment site (N = 1431)     
   General/internal medicine and emergencies* 40.0 37.5 40.4 < 0.001
   Dental clinic 3.2 2.1 3.4  
   Travel clinic 31.6 19.3 33.6  
   Anonymous HIV testing 18.0 36.5 14.3  
   Private practitioner** 7.8 4.7 8.3  
Socio-demographic characteristics     
Median age (N = 1413) 34 31 35  
Mean age 37.6 33.5 38.4 < 0.001
Education (N = 1418)     
   Compulsory school 7.3 6.3 7.5 0.100
   Vocational training 26.7 34.0 25.6  
   Technical school 21.5 18.3 22.0  
   University 44.4 41.4 44.9  
Nationality (N = 1413)     
   Swiss 69.6 64.4 70.5 0.080
   European 19.7 22.5 19.2  
   African 5.5 8.9 5.0  
   Other 5.2 4.2 5.3  
Religion (N = 1410)     
   Protestant 33.1 24.2 34.5 0.011
   Catholic 36.9 36.8 36.9  
   Muslim 5.1 4.7 5.2  
   Other 3.5 5.3 3.3  
   Without 21.3 28.9 20.2  
Employment status (N = 1413)     
   Working 77.9 82.2 77.3 0.098
   Not working 17.0 15.7 17.2  
   Pensioned 5.1 2.1 5.6  
Living situation (N = 1411)     
   Living with partner 53.3 20.6 58.3 < 0.001
   Living alone with a partner elsewhere 24.1 32.8 22.7  
   Living alone 22.6 46.6 18.9  
Sexual behaviour     
Age at first sexual intercourse*** (N = 1387): under 16 years old 18.3 25.0 17.3 0.011
Ever had same sex sexual intercourse (N = 1416) yes 11.4 21.9 9.8 < 0.001
Had sexual concurrency in the last 12 months (N = 1276) yes 26.6 69.8 20.4 < 0.001
Median N of partners in the last 12 months (N = 1390)
Mean N of partners in the last 12 months
1
2.9
4
6.4
1
2.4
< 0.001
Any STI symptoms in the last 12 months**** (N = 1370) yes 8.8 16.0 7.7 < 0.001
HIV test, information and discussion     
Ever been tested for HIV(N = 1402) yes 65.8 77.5 63.9 < 0.001
Feel well/rather well informed about HIV/AIDS (N = 1352) yes 92.3 86.4 93.2 0.001
Feel well/rather well informed about other STI (N = 1392) yes 43.2 33.3 44.7 0.003
Wish to be asked questions about sexual history by the doctor ***** (N = 1412) Yes/rather yes 90.9 92.1 90.8 0.546
Ever discussed sexual issues with a doctor (N = 1413) yes 61.4 64.9 60.8 0.277
Ever been advised on how to avoid STI by a doctor (N = 1412) yes 37.4 46.6 36.0 0.005
  1. * General consultation and emergencies in the public clinic + emergencies in the outpatient private clinic
  2. ** The five GPs in the private outpatient clinic
  3. *** No definition of the term "sexual intercourse" was given to the patient
  4. **** "During the past 12 months, have you experienced any pain when urinating, any discharge from your penis, or ulcers on your genitals"
  5. ***** "Would you like your doctor to ask you this type of question (on your sexual history) in order to give you advice that is better suited to your circumstances"
  6. § Pearson's Chi-square, except for mean age and mean number of partners in the last 12 months, where the t-test was used