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Table 5 Adjusted prevalence ratios for associations between socio-demographic and health related variables and poor physical function among older people in rural Malaysia #

From: Prevalence and correlates of physical disability and functional limitation among community dwelling older people in rural Malaysia, a middle income country

Variables Physical disability* as dependent variable
(n = 738)
Functional Limitation as dependent variable
(n = 738)
Age group   
60-64 1.0 1.0
65-69 2.8 (2.2, 3.6) 1.7 (1.3, 2.3)
70-74 4.7 (3.3, 6.8) 2.3 (1.5, 3.4)
≥ 75 7.9 (4.8, 12.9) 3.0 (1.7, 5.2)
Female 1.1 (0.7, 2.0) 2.7 (1.2, 6.1)
Self reported chronic medical condition Ϯ   
Diabetes Mellitus 1.8 (1.4, 2.3) 1.2 (0.9, 1.5)
Stroke 1.5 (1.1, 2.2) 1.1 (0.7, 1.7)
Arthritis 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) 1.6 (1.2, 2.1)
Presence of Depressive Symptomology Ϯ 1.3 (1.1, 1.8) 2.0 (1.5, 2.7)
Presenting visual acuity   
Normal 1.0 1.0
Mild to moderate visual impairment 1.6 (1.1, 2.4) 1.2 (0.7, 2.0)
Blind 2.0 (1.1, 3.6) 1.4 (0.7, 3.0)
  1. * Requiring help in at least 1 out of 10 activities of basic living
  2. # Not significant variables in the full model were omitted from display in the table
  3. Ϯ Reference groups are those without the particular condition