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Table 2 The ORs for current smoking associated with individual-level and company-level mistrust at worka

From: Multi-level, cross-sectional study of workplace social capital and smoking among Japanese employees

  Empty model Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Fixed effects     
Individual-level variables     
   Individual mistrust (vs. trust)b   1.03 (0.69-1.53)   0.90 (0.60-1.35)
   Women (vs. men)   0.14 (0.09-0.22) 0.14 (0.09-0.22) 0.13 (0.08-0.21)
   Age (in 10 years unit)   0.85 (0.74-0.98) 0.86 (0.76-0.99) 0.87 (0.76-1.00)
   Manual (vs. non-manual) work   0.82 (0.53-1.29) 0.87 (0.57-1.34) 0.85 (0.55-1.32)
   Basic (vs. higher) educational achievement   1.52 (1.11-2.06) 1.47 (1.08-1.97) 1.44 (1.06-1.95)
   High (vs. low) alcohol use   1.67 (1.24-2.26) 1.69 (1.26-2.29) 1.68 (1.25-2.25)
   No (vs. yes) physical activity   0.98 (0.73-1.31) 0.97 (0.73-1.30) 0.99 (0.74-1.33)
   25 or larger (vs. < 25) BMI (kg/m2)   0.90 (0.63-1.27) 0.89 (0.63-1.26) 0.90 (0.64-1.28)
   High blood sugar   1.16 (0.68-1.95) 1.11 (0.65-1.87) 1.15 (0.67-1.92)
   High blood pressure   0.73 (0.48-1.12) 0.72 (0.47-1.09) 0.71 (0.46-1.08)
   Low HDL and/or high triglyceride   0.75 (0.54-1.04) 0.74 (0.53-1.03) 0.74 (0.53-1.03)
Company-level variable     
   Company-level mistrustc    1.23 (1.06-1.44) 1.25 (1.06-1.46)
Random effects     
   Company-level variance (SD) 0.204 (0.094) 0.073 (0.068) 0.042 (0.052) 0.041 (0.047)
   Median odds ratio 1.54 (1.26-1.87) 1.29 (1.03-1.60) 1.22 (1.03-1.51) 1.21 (1.03-1.48)
Deviance Information Criterion 1470.45 1254.05 1246.95 1248.56
  1. BMI, body mass index; CI, credible interval; HDL, high density lipoprotein; OR, odds ratio; SD, standard deviation.
  2. a All models except for empty model are adjusted for sex, age, occupational status, education, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, and co-morbid conditions (high blood sugar, high blood pressure, and low HDL and/or high triglyceride).
  3. b Individual-level mistrust was group-mean centered in model 3.
  4. c Company-level mistrust was defined as the proportion of the employees reporting mistrust within the company. The odds ratios associated with a one-standard deviation change in the company-level mistrust (9.8%) are shown.