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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and smoking status of the study subjects

From: Multi-level, cross-sectional study of workplace social capital and smoking among Japanese employees

Characteristics No. % Current smokers
    No. %
All 1171 100.0 390 33.3
Social capital (trust)     
   Trust 537 45.9 172 32.0
   Mistrust 199 17.0 69 34.7
   Other 168 14.3 62 36.9
   Don't know 267 22.8 87 32.6
Social capital (reciprocity)     
   Reciprocity 292 24.9 101 34.6
   Lack of reciprocity 328 28.0 113 34.5
   Other 185 15.8 66 35.7
   Don't know 366 31.3 110 30.1
Sex     
   Men 834 71.2 359 43.0
   Women 337 28.8 31 9.2
Age     
   Younger than 20 15 1.3 3 20.0
   20 to 29 207 17.7 72 34.8
   30 to 39 348 29.7 112 32.2
   40 to 49 317 27.1 112 35.3
   50 to 59 250 21.3 82 32.8
   60 to 69 33 2.8 9 27.3
   70 or older 1 0.1 0 0.0
Occupational status     
   Non-manual 1014 86.6 330 32.5
   Manual 142 12.1 52 36.6
   Missing 15 1.3   
Educationa     
   Higher 668 57.0 207 31.0
   Basic 502 42.9 182 36.3
   Missing 1 0.1   
Alcohol consumptionb     
   Lower 593 50.6 143 24.1
   Higher 575 49.1 245 42.6
   Missing 3 0.3   
Physical activity     
   Yes 395 33.7 140 35.4
   No 758 64.7 243 32.1
   Missing 18 1.5   
Body mass index (kg/m2)     
   Less than 25 886 75.7 301 34.0
   25 or larger 233 19.9 83 35.6
   Missing 52 4.4   
High blood sugar     
   No 1074 91.7 354 33.0
   Yes 81 6.9 31 38.3
   Missing 16 1.4   
High blood pressure     
   No 997 85.1 336 33.7
   Yes 158 13.5 49 31.0
   Missing 16 1.4   
Low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and/or high triglyceride     
   No 863 73.7 289 33.5
   Yes 292 24.9 96 32.9
   Missing 16 1.4   
  1. a Basic education is defined as less than senior high school education, and higher education is defined as more advanced educational attainment.
  2. b Lower alcohol consumption category includes none, rarely, and 1-3 days a month. Higher category includes 1-2 days a week, 3-4 days a week, 5-6 days a week, and every day.