Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence and odds ratios (OR) from the univariate analysis of demographic-related risk factors of acute gastrointestinal illness in Quebec rural municipalities, Canada, April 2007 to April 2008

From: The association between farming activities, precipitation, and the risk of acute gastrointestinal illness in rural municipalities of Quebec, Canada: a cross-sectional study

  W.n* Prevalence (%) OR (95% CI) p
Overall prevalence 7006 5.59 - -
Sex     
   Male† 3576 5.48 1.00 -
   Female 3430 5.71 1.04 (0.85-1.28) 0.680
Age (years)     <0.001‡
   0-4 366 14.18 3.44 (2.31-5.13) <0.001
   5-9 411 10.28 2.38 (1.57-3.62) <0.001
   10-19 1022 5.12 1.12 (0.76-1.66) 0.557
   20-29 813 7.33 1.64 (1.13-2.40) 0.010
   30-39 867 6.39 1.42 (0.97-2.08) 0.074
   40-49† 1194 4.59 1.00 -
   50-59 1050 3.86 0.83 (0.55-1.26) 0.392
   60-69 701 3.07 0.66 (0.40-1.09) 0.107
   70-79 381 2.41 0.51 (0.25-1.04) 0.065
   ≥ 80 199 2.14 0.45 (0.17-1.23) 0.121
Total household income     0.012‡
   <$20000† 612 4.56 1.00 -
   ≥$20000-<$40000 1658 4.65 1.02 (0.66-1.59) 0.925
   ≥$40000-<$60000 1691 6.68 1.50 (0.98-2.29) 0.062
   ≥$60000-<$80000 1080 4.97 1.09 (0.68-1.75) 0.704
   ≥$80000 1157 7.07 1.59 (1.03-2.48) 0.038
Education§     <0.001‡
   No high school diploma† 1722 3.10 1.00 -
   High school diploma 2027 5.08 1.67 (1.19-2.34) 0.003
   College diploma 749 5.89 1.95 (1.30-2.94) 0.001
   University graduate or 669 6.60 2.20 (1.46-3.32) <0.001
   higher     
Cultural group     
   Caucasian 6866 5.60 0.86 (0.26-2.79) 0.796
   Others† 46 6.48 1.00 -
Number of individuals¶ in household     <0.001‡
   1† 596 4.82 1.00 -
   2 1932 4.07 0.88 (0.56-1.38) 0.582
   3 1232 6.46 1.38 (0.88-2.17) 0.162
   4 1849 7.30 1.60 (1.04-2.46) 0.031
   ≥ 5 1398 6.36 1.39 (0.88-2.17) 0.150
Length of stay in the municipality     <0.001‡
   Less than a year 214 6.86 1.79 (1.03-3.10) 0.039
   1 to 5 years 1440 8.60 2.28 (1.80-2.90) <0.001
   6 to 10 years 1005 8.08 2.13 (1.62-2.80) <0.001
   Over 10 years† 4346 3.96 1.00 -
Geographic location     
High intensive farming 4100 4.71 0.68 (0.51-0.88) 0.004
Low intensive farming† 2906 6.84 1.00 -
  1. * Weighted n, weighted by age and sex to the population of the study area, according to the data from the 2006 Canadian census of population.
  2. † Reference.
  3. ‡ Global p-value.
  4. §Prevalence of each education level was calculated for respondents aged > 19 years old.
  5. ¶Older than 3 months old.