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Table 3 FSW experience of violence in the past year, HIV/STI rates and condom use1

From: Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention program

  Not Beaten or raped past year % (n = 3439) Beaten or raped past year % (n = 413) Crude OR (95% CI) P value (Wald test) Adjusted OR2 (95% CI) P value (Wald test)
HIV-1 infection 16.3 17.6 1.10 (0.80, 1.49) 0.6 0.96 (0.70, 1.32) 0.8
Syphilis 7.6 6.7 0.87 (0.57, 1.34) 0.5 0.92 (0.58, 1.46) 0.7
High-titre syphilis 3.8 3.4 0.91 (0.52, 1.59) 0.7 0.93 (0.53, 1.64) 0.8
Chlamydia infection 6.0 5.3 0.87 (0.53, 1.43) 0.6 0.93 (0.55, 1.57) 0.8
Gonorrhea infection 2.6 5.0 1.93 (1.19, 3.16) 0.008 1.93 (1.13, 3.30) 0.02
Zero unprotected sex acts in past month with clients 75.5 55.4 0.40 (0.31, 0.52) <0.001 0.42 (0.32, 0.54) <0.001
Condom use last sex act occasional clients 87.5 84.0 0.75 (0.53, 1.07) 0.1 0.58 (0.40, 0.85) 0.005
Condom use last sex act repeat clients3 83.9 71.6 0.48 (0.35, 0.67) <0.001 0.49 (0.35, 0.70) <0.001
Condom use last sex act regular partner4 37.1 40.2 1.14 (0.81, 1.61) 0.5 0.86 (0.54, 1.37) 0.5
Ever had anal sex 10.4 32.4 4.11 (3.03, 5.57) <0.001 3.70 (2.67, 5.12) <0.001
Condom use last anal sex5 63.6 54.7 0.69 (0.40, 1.19) 0.2 0.69 (0.40, 1.21) 0.2
  1. 1Data from the integrated behavioural and biological assessments.
  2. 2Models adjusted for survey round, age, marital status, residency, migrant, duration sex work, place entertain clients, clients per week and regular partner.
  3. 3n = 2519 4n = 1555 5n = 465.