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Table 3 Clinical incidence and disability (YLD) due to injury per 100,000 persons in the age group 0-24 years, by injury group (ranked by total YLD)

From: Burden of injury in childhood and adolescence in 8 European countries

Rank Injury Clinical incidencea (ED visits) Disability
    YLD short-term YLD lifelong YLD total
1 Skull--brain 53.1 (197.6) 6.0 185.8 191.8
2 Spinal cord 3.2 b 140.5 140.5
3 Superficial injury 118.6 (3351.1) 32.4 c 32.4
4 Injury of nerves arm/hand 7.8 b 31.8 31.8
5 Complex soft tissue injury upper extremity 34.2 b 30.2 30.2
6 Fracture of femur shaft 18.8 (36.6) 2.1 17.6 19.8
7 Complex soft tissue injury lower extremity 7.6 b 11.9 11.9
8 Fracture of elbow/forearm 89.2 (466.0) 8.5 c 8.5
9 Fracture wrist (incl. carpal bones) 59.3 (462.8) 6.0 c 6.0
10 Concussion 170.9 (189.3) 5.4 c 5.4
  1. a From hospital discharge registers.
  2. b All patients have life long disability.
  3. c All patients have short-term disability.