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Table 2 Description of studies included in the review

From: A systematic review of population health interventions and Scheduled Tribes in India

First author and year published Intervention Region Tribal areas or populations covered
(tribal groups)
Methods Outcomes
Balasubramanian
1995
Involving ST youth in TB case detection Tamil Nadu Tribal hamlets
(groups not specified)
10% of general population were randomly sampled and interviewed by medical professionals and performance assessments were conducted by a local team. No. of TB symptomatic individuals & sputum-positive cases identified.
Singh
2001
Rapid immune-chromatographic test Madhya Pradesh Tribal villages (Gond tribe) Blinded comparison of malaria diagnoses using rapid tests and standard procedures. Sensitivity, specificity & predictive values of test in detecting malaria.
Murhekar
2004
National Tuberculosis Programme Car Nicobar Population
(Nicobarese tribe)
Household census. Sputum samples and questionnaire of symptoms. Data compared with survey conducted 15 years ago. Prevalence of TB infection & smear-positive cases.
Tungdim
2008
Pulmonary TB treatment program Manipur Population
(Unspecified groups belonging to Mongoloid group)
Cross-sectional study among adult pulmonary TB patients, stratified into: (1) before starting treatment, 2) 2 months of treatment, & 3) completion of treatment. Healthy individuals with no history of TB were matched among non-family members of patients. Anthropometric measurements (BMI & MUAC) of TB patients.
Barnett
2008
Maternal mortality key informant surveillance system Jharkhand, Orissa Clusters with 73% STs
(unspecified)
Descriptive study based on existing project data. No. of births, crude death rates, maternal mortality ratio, causes of maternal death, cost of operating system.
Deshmukh
2008
Adolescent Nutritional Anaemia Project Maharashtra Population
(unspecified)
Pretest-posttest, comparing haemoglobin estimations, for 3 groups of girls (14-18 years): tribal, rural, urban slums. Prevalence of anaemia.
Jambulingam
2008
Insecticide treated mosquito nets Orissa Tribal villages
(Predominantly Kandho, Poroja, Dora, Gadaba, Rana)
PHC records and a series of 5 cross-sectional household surveys (a total of 3,206 households surveyed).
Plus bioassays.
Net distribution
Acceptance & use of net
Retreatment coverage
Insecticide persistence
Das
2008
Community-based chloroquine treatment Orissa Tribal villages
(unspecified)
Compared control and program villages in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, year of operation. Fever incidence
Malaria parasite incidence
Parasite prevalence
Prakash
2008
Insecticide treated mosquito nets Nagaland, Mizoram, Assam Tribal villages
(Zeilian, Ao, Mizo, Kachari-Ahom)
Cross-sectional household surveys in ITN (N = 899) and non-ITN sites (N = 448) Net use, beliefs & practices
Srivastava
2009
GIS based approach to surveillance of malaria hotspots Madhya Pradesh Tribal districts & blocks
(unspecified)
Descriptive study based on existing project data. Annual parasite incidence
Gunasekaran
2009
Long lasting insecticide treated mosquito nets Orissa Tribal districts Compared villages with and without ITN, stratified by high/low endemicity. Survey (908 households) and qualitative methods (Key informant interviews, focus groups). Net use & beliefs
Willingness to pay for nets