Skip to main content

Table 4 Adjusted risk of posttraumatic stress disorder and mental health disorders among deployed male Marines by adverse childhood experiences

From: Do adverse childhood experiences increase the risk of postdeployment posttraumatic stress disorder in US Marines?

  PTSDa Mental Health Disorders not Specific to PTSDb
Adverse Childhood Experiences Prevalence
per 100
HR (95% CI) Prevalence
per 100
HR (95% CI)
History of ACEd in multiple categories     
   None 2.47 1.00 6.03 1.00
   ACE in 1 category 2.86 1.21 (0.87, 1.69) 6.90 1.17 (0.94, 1.45)
   ACE in 2 or more categories 3.81 1.57 (1.09, 2.26) 8.57 1.41 (1.10, 1.80)
  1. Abbreviations: ACE = adverse childhood experiences; AFQT = Armed Forces Qualification Test; CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder.
  2. aModels the risk of having a PTSD diagnosis after returning from first deployment in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and within 2 years of last deployment, after adjusting for AFQT score, number of deployments, mental health diagnosis prior to deployment, and marital status.
  3. bModels the risk of a mental health diagnosis after returning from first deployment in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and within 2 years of last deployment, after adjusting for AFQT score, smoking status, race/ethnicity, and marital status.