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Table 3 Associations between EPPMa categories and self-reported willingness to respond (WTR) to a pandemic flu emergency

From: Characterizing hospital workers' willingness to report to duty in an influenza pandemic through threat- and efficacy-based assessment

    WTR if required WTR if asked, but not required
   %b % Agreec OR (95%CI)d % agree OR (95%CI)
By EPPM categories      
EPPM - Threat Low 51.2 79.0 Reference 69.9 Reference
  High 48.8 86.8 1.58 75.2 1.23
     (1.25 - 1.98)   (1.02 - 1.49)
EPPM - Efficacy Low 51.4 72.6 Reference 58.6 Reference
  High 48.6 95.8 9.33 88.9 5.86
     (6.66 - 13.08)   (4.63 - 7.41)
EPPM - Combined Low Threat/Low Efficacy 30.3 69.3 Reference 57.7 Reference
  Low Threat/High Efficacy 21.2 96.3 13.09 90.1 7.12
     (7.67 - 22.34)   (4.94 - 10.25)
  High Threat/Low Efficacy 21.2 77.6 1.41 60.9 1.10
     (1.05 - 1.90)   (0.85 - 1.42)
  High Threat/High Efficacy 27.3 95.6 9.25 88.6 5.52
     (5.94 - 14.40)   (4.03 - 7.56)
  1. a Extended Parallel Process Model
  2. b Percent of respondents included in category
  3. c Percent agreeing with WTR statement (positive response)
  4. d OR is the odds ratio provided in the logistic regression which compares the odds between a positive WTR response and a negative WTR response with respect to this EPPM category compared to its Reference category, adjusted for key demographic characteristics: gender, age, hours/week worked, highest education level completed and children/marital status.