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Table 2 Study results for HC and GNH and COPSOQ database reference value for general Hospital Care (COPhosp) and COPSOQ database reference value total (all occupations, COPall). Scale means and standard deviations.

From: Psychosocial work load and stress in the geriatric care

Scales and single items Study: HC N = 412; mean (SD) Study: GNH N = 313; mean (SD) HC vs GNH (*) COPSOQ Hosp. N = 1195; mean (SD) HC vs COPhosp (*) GNH vs COPhosp (*) COPSOQ all N = 11168; mean (SD) HC vs COPall (*) GNH vs COPall (*)
Demands          
Quantitative demands 46 (21) 56 (19) HC + 57 (17) +   59 (18) +  
Emotional demands 53 (19) 59 (20) HC + 64 (19) + + 58 (20) +  
Demands for hiding emotions 45 (21) 47 (23)   51 (21) +   48 (22)   
Work- privacy conflict 42 (29) 48 (30) HC + 49 (26) +   53 (29) + +
Influence and development          
Influence at work 41 (21) 40 (22)   41 (20)    45 (22)   -
Degree of freedom at work 43 (21) 41 (20)   42 (18)    44 (24)   
Possibilities for development 71 (16) 66 (21) HC + 70 (16)    69 (18)   
Meaning of work 86 (14) 83 (17)   82 (16)    77 (18) + +
Workplace commitment 63 (18) 60 (22)   56 (19) +   56 (20) +  
Interpersonal relations and leadership          
Predictability 66 (21) 61 (22) HC + 55 (21) + + 51 (23) + +
Role clarity 80 (15) 79 (17)   78 (15)    74 (18) + +
Role conflicts 37 (20) 46 (22) HC + 47 (20) +   47 (20) +  
Quality of leadership 66 (25) 60 (25) HC + 55 (25) + + 47 (26) + +
Social support 75 (20) 71 (21)   70 (20) +   63 (21) + +
Feedback 49 (22) 52 (24)   45 (21)   + 39 (23) + +
Social relations (quantity) 19 (26) 52 (25) GNH + 52 (30) -   45 (28) - +
Sense of community 81 (17) 75 (19) HC + 77 (18)    74 (18) +  
Mobbing (single item) 14 (21) 22 (25) HC + 19 (23) +   18 (23)   
Additional scales          
Job insecurity 25 (22) 37 (25) HC + 33 (22) +   26 (22)   -
Strain (effects, outcomes)          
Intention to leave (single item) 12 (18) 14 (22)   16 (22)    17 (23) +  
Job satisfaction 68 (15) 64 (17) sig. 62 (15) +   62 (16) +  
General health (single item) 71 (19) 68 (20)   73 (18)   - 73 (18)   -
Personal burnout 42 (19) 45 (20)   45 (17)    43 (19)   
Cognitive stress symptoms 27 (18) 27 (20)   28 (18)    28 (19)   
Satisfaction with life scale 67 (19) 64 (21)   66 (20)    65 (29)   
  1. Differences in means of > = 5 points are indicated by "+": study group value HC or GNH is better than COPSOQ- database reference value for nursery care (COPhosp) or COPSOQ total (COPall) or by a "-": study group value > = 5 points worse than reference value. Remark: all differences reaching or exceeding +-5 points difference are significant with p < 0.01. In the comparison of the two study groups further differences not reaching the 5-point difference but being significant with at least p < 0.01 indicated with a "sig.".