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Table 5 Awareness, Treatment and Control of Hypertension

From: Epidemic of hypertension in Ghana: a systematic review

Study ref Total no. Hypertensives Among total number of hypertensives: Aware % Treatment % Control %
   Awarea Treatmentb Controlc    
Pobee et al 1979 [2224, 74] 540 130 39 20 24.1 7.2 3.7
Hesse 1998 [30] 38 14 5 0 36.8 13.2 0.0
Amoah 2003 [33] 1337 458 243 49 34.3 18.2 3.7
Addo et al 2006 [27] 93 30 15 5 32.3 16.1 5.4
Cappucio et al 2004 [36, 75] 291 64 33 8 22.0 11.3 2.7
Agyeman et al 2006 [28, 42] 421 143 118 26 34.0 28.0 6.2
Addo et al 2008 [31] 307 166 96 39 54.1 31.3 12.7
  1. aHypertensives who reported having ever been informed by a health professional of a diagnosis of hypertension were considered to be aware of their condition.
  2. bHypertensives who reported taking recognized antihypertensive medication were considered to be on treatment.
  3. cHypertensives on medication whose blood pressure measured during the study was less than140/90 mm Hg were considered to have controlled blood pressure controlled.
  4. Note that the percentages in columns 6-8 use the total number of hypertensives as a common denominator