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Table 4 Mean age-specific systolic and diastolic blood pressure in selected studies

From: Epidemic of hypertension in Ghana: a systematic review

Study ref Blood Pressure 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75 +
   M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T
Pobee et al 1977 [24, 32]a SBP 120.9 113.8 117.2 122.1 113.4 117.3 121.7 118.1 119.8 120.3 127.4 123.7 127.8 130.8 129.2 130.2 133.5 131.9 143.4 151.6 147.2
  DBP 60.6 62.7 61.7 69.1 64.0 66.3 71.5 70.5 71.0 72.7 75.8 74.2 74.3 75.8 75.0 74 74.1 74.1 76.1 78.1 77.0
Chukwuemeka et al 1983 [20, 74]b SBP 116.4 ± 13.4 115.1 ± 13.2 - 117.6 ± 14.4 118.9 ± 15.5 - 126.9 ± 20.4 127.7 ± 23.2 - 137.8 ± 19.8 147.1 ± 31.1 - 149.1 ± 22.3 150.1 ± 24.5 - 153.5 ± 29.0 161.0 ± 29.8 - - - -
  DBP 74.9 ± 8.7 73.8 ± 8.2 - 76.6 ± 9.1 73.8 ± 11.4 - 83.6 ± 13.7 85.3 ± 13.6 - 88.9 ± 11.3 94.0 ± 17.0 - 95.1 ± 12.1 93.0 ± 12.9 - 93.7 ± 12.6 96.6 ± 17.4 - - - -
Amoah 2003 [33] SBP - - - 120.7 ± 13.5 115.3 ± 15.3 - 123.1 ± 16.7 122.6 ± 20.0 - 131.7 ± 23.0 133.9 ± 26.3 - 144.0 ± 29.4 143.9 ± 28.2 - 128.1 ± 21.6 127.7 ± 25.7 - - - -
  DBP - - - 70.0 ± 9.7 68.2 ± 10.2 - 74.5 ± 12.5 74.3 ± 13.0 - 79.2 ± 13.9 78.7 ± 13.7 - 75.5 ± 13.3 79.8 ± 15.0 - 74.6 ± 12.7 74.2 ± 13.8 - - - -
Cappucio et al 2004 [36, 75]c SBP - - - - - - 120.9 ± 18.6 108.7 ± 16.8 - 124.6 ± 22.2 122.8 ± 25.4 - 130.0 ± 25.5 129.7 ± 28.1 - 130.0 ± 30.0 138.1 ± 28.0 - - - -
  DBP - - - - - - 75.1 ± 13.9 67.7 ± 11.3 - 76.6 ± 13.6 74.3 ± 13.3 - 77.3 ± 14.4 75.6 ± 13.6 - 73.4 ± 12.9 75.2 ± 14.2 - - - -
Addo et al 2008 [31]d SBP - - - 125.0 113.5 119.0 127.5 117.5 125.0 135.5 130.8 134.0 140.3 131.8 137.0 - - - - - -
  DBP - - - 72.5 69.0 71.3 77.5 76.0 76.5 84.5 83.5 84.0 85.0 79.8 84.5 - - - - - -
Owiredu et al 2008 [19]e SBP - - 109.5 ± 10.8 - - 113.8 ± 11.6 - - 121.7 ± 18.4 - - 127.2 ± 18.8 - - 139.1 ± 25.8 - - 150.0 ± 20.6 - - -
  DBP - - 67.7 ± 7.7 - - 70.8 ± 8.7 - - 76.2 ± 12.8 - - 80.1 ± 12.4 - - 81.4 ± 15.5 - - 85.7 ± 14.0 - - -
Kunutsor & Powles 2009 [34] SBP 123.3 ± 13.0 113.5 ± 11.4 117.5 ± 13.0 124.1 ± 19.2 112.5 ± 11.0 116.7 ± 15.5 124.2 ± 16.2 123.1 ± 21.3 123.5 ± 19.3 124.4 ± 24.5 130.8 ± 25.9 129.0 ± 25.5 126.2 ± 23.7 134.0 ± 28.4 131.5 ± 27.1 - - - - - -
  DBP 61.9 ± 6.6 65.6 ± 8.4 64.1 ± 7.9 69.9 ± 12.6 67.9 ± 9.2 68.6 ± 10.6 71.8 ± 9.9 76.1 ± 13.2 74.3 ± 12.1 75.5 ± 14.8 78.3 ± 13.7 77.5 ± 14.0 75.2 ± 12.2 74.0 ± 12.1 74.4 ± 12.1 - - - - - -
  1. a = lowest age group 16-24 years; b = highest age group > 65 years; c = lowest age group 40-44 years; d = median BP values, highest age group > 55 years; e = lowest age group 19-24 years, highest age group > 65 years